In my South Texas greenhouse operation, 100 mature male and female Cycas revoluta - over 25 years old - are ground-planted as seed "parents". You can tell whether the farm egg you just cracked open for your breakfast is fertilized or not. Cycads are dioecious plants; there are separate male and female plants. If you still cannot find the right pollen try pollen from another cycad species (some cycads will allow hybridization), however, do The germinal disk of a sterile egg contains only the hen’s cells and is fully white in color. Included are suggestions … As much as 60% of the starch content of the stem can be used up for the production of seeds. The most popular cycad is the sago palm. Sat with a knife yesterday for more than an hour and I have about 15 seeds semi clean. fertile seeds. Cycads typically don't produce female cones for the first time until they are much older … The quality of storage is also very important. The mature seeds tend to be colorful – often bright red, purple or yellow – to attract a variety of birds and mammals which disperse the seeds. Producing a cone and nourishing the developing seeds takes a toll on the female plant. Why? Sometimes, especially with rare specimens, you need to be resourceful - try the cycad society pollen bank, or phone around to all cycad resellers. Cycads are dioecious, so cycad cones are either male or female. The female plant produces seeds, and the male plant produces cones filled with pollen. There are over 300 described species of cycads living today, in 10–12 genera and 3 families (and several more extinct genera and families). Was about to ask about an easier way to clean the seeds. In their native habit, Cycads are pollinated by wind or insects, however, in cultivation, they usually must be hand-pollinated for viable seed production. Oct 29, 2015 - This article is an introduction to this common and highly ornamental cycad known as the Sago Palm (NOT a palm by the way). I red somewhere that the seeds might need to be stored before planted depending on species. Floating seeds in water will usually tell if seeds have gone bad in the hands of others. What are Cycads? After awhile the soft, inside part of the seed will separate from the hard shell. Without knowledge of fertilization in the cycads and Ginkgo, it is highly unlikely that scientists would have more than remote theories as to the reproductive modes of seed ferns and other extinct groups of seed plants. Examine the egg for the germinal disc, a white spot floating above the surface of the yolk. Still a lot to go though. In simple terms, this means that cycads do not produce true flowers or fruit, just one or more large seed cones. The people of Guam depended heavily on flour made from the starch extracted from cycad seeds, particularly when there were food shortages during and after World War II. Thanks. Cycad seeds like to stay slightly moist. Epidemiology has shown a subsequent increase in ALS-PD in the years following this. The plant grows very old, as much as 1000 years, but extremely slowly (hence the high prices they command). I have what I believe is the Baberton cycad. If the seeds dry out to an extreme, the developing embryo can die. The seeds can be toxic to both animals and human beings. Cycads species are capable of growing in dry and wet conditions, in sand or fertile soils. Because cycads are a group of cone-bearing plants that are the oldest seed plants in the world. Cycad plants are hardy, evergreen gymnosperms (cone-bearing plants) that grow in sand or hard rock.