* If you don't choose to use softDeletes, the rest of the controller method is the same, even if you are hard deleting data. Open up a terminal and run the following command, The -a flag at the end is to create some extra files we'll need, it will create a migration and a resourceful controller, a factory and a seeder. I recently found a lot of questions on StackOverflow asking what Laravel Resource controllers were. We can optionally create an EmployeeResource with the following: You don't have to create resources for your models, I like to do it for sake of convenience. This is purely for this demo of CRUD functions, but in reality, with any API that I build, I wouldn't actually delete the record, I'd always use SoftDeletes, to use SoftDeletes, add the trait to the Employee model. Reading is really easy, first, lets create the test in our EmployeeTest.php, Your index() method of the EmployeeController should look something like this. To create Resource controller in laravel 8 app by the following command: php artisan make:controller BOOKController --resource --model=book The above command will … API resourceful controller creates the following functions inside ProductApiController. Before we get into the EmployeeController, here's a good time to create a Transformer, I've only just started using Transformer and they're amazing, trust me! Observe the following from the above code. Hello There! DELETE to employees.destroy = destroy(). Basically this transformer will either create a new Employee and assign the values it's given, or if an Employee is passed into the transformer, it will update the values it's given. Method: GET. URL Redirects From Called Functions In Laravel, Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM) Browser Web Push Notifications Using Javascript And PHP, Setup AMP (Accelerated Mobile Pages) In PHP Laravel, Lazy Load YouTube And Other Videos In Website, Setup MAMP Virtual Hosts For Local PHP Development, Generate SSH Key with ssh-keygen In Linux / Unix, Client-Side Form Validation With Javascript, Add Google ADS In AMP (Accelerated Mobile Pages) Website, Proper Way To Validate MIME Type Of Files While Handling File Uploads In PHP. * @return JsonResponse Laravel (5.7) Eloquent API Resources Last update on ... let us first take a high-level look at how resources are used within Laravel. --resource - This parameter specifies that we are creating the resourceful controller. Back over to the EmployeeController and the destroy() method: Simple database transaction where we're calling the delete() method on the $employee, again, using soft-deletes, this doesn't actually delete the model, but sets a deleted_at timestamp on the table in the database, Laravel will take that if there is a timestamp set in that field, then that record has been deleted. So, in this tutorial, I’ll be showing how to build a robust API in Laravel using API resources. Laravel installed in your computer or server. GET to employees.show = index() or show() With the new release of Laravel 5.3 Im building an application with both an API and a WEB interface. You can also register multiple API routes at once with the following code. We can go ahead and create a new API Resourcelike so. Populate Vue Controller. If you've never used soft deletes, think of these like the trash bin on your computer, you can delete a file, but you can also recover it if needed. In RESTful APIs, we use the HTTP methods as actions, and the endpoints are the resources acted upon. Now we're going to setup our EmployeeFactory, If you don't know what a factory is, it's an easy way to create an instance of a model, which is especially handy for testing. Because of this common use case, Laravel resource routing assigns the typical create, read, update, and delete ("CRUD") routes to a controller with a single line of code. This is down to business/company logic, but in this example, if an employee has been deleted then they're essentially inactive. Almost the same as the one for the paginated list, except here we assign $employee to the factory that creates an employee in the database, we're calling the URI for employees.show and passing in the $employee->id. You can read more about softDeletes over at the Laravel docs here. We then pass the validated data, and the $employee into the Employee transformer, which will update all the values that it has been given. DEV Community – A constructive and inclusive social network for software developers. If you would like to learn more on route model binding then refer my article @ Route Model Binding In Laravel, --model - Since my Product.php model resides in App/Models/Product.php I have give the path as Models/Product.php. Hope the article was very helpful for you. The documentation describes this feature as a type of transformation layer that lives between the data model layer and the JSON response layer. Now we can start working with API Resources in Laravel. Go ahead and open up the factory, we'll use faker to give us random information. We believe development must be an enjoyable and creative experience to be truly fulfilling. With you every step of your journey. As I will cover this Post with live Working example to develop Laravel 6 CRUD Tutorial Using Resource Controller, so the Resource Controller with resource route using Laravel 6 is used for this example is following below. Powerful dependency injection container. If you go back and look at the factory, i have set it up to choose either true or false at random. This package contains a standard controller that can handle all JSON API endpoints for a resource without any customisation. PATCH to employees.update = update(), Create a database model, table and controller. The .env file is not checked into version control and holds database connection info and API keys. Step 1: Create a Users API Controller using the Artisan command. * Store a newly created resource in storage. Made with love and Ruby on Rails. We're a place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers. Laravel takes the pain out of development by easing common tasks used in many web projects, such as: Simple, fast routing engine. Using laravel's named routes, for testing we can use the following: POST to employees.store = create() * @return JsonResponse|EmployeeResource Ok, so we don't have a route called employees.store, open up our api.php file: Laravel will handle all of the named routes for standard CRUD functions itself. app/Http/Resources/Post.php This file is your Transformer of sorts which allows you to customize the JSON response data of your api in several ways. User API Resource Controller 2. To install Laravel you can use the following, Since I already had ProductsController for web.php demonstration I created ProductApiController for demonstrating the Resourceful API controller with routes inside api.php. This will generate API routes only. 1st Parameter (Data)- Usually the array of data that you need to send, 2nd Parameter (Status Code) - This is the status code that needs to be sent if any success or errors, I basically use the following format for success. The command above creates a new Resourcesfolder and populates the following file. I read the docs on the Laravel website, Stack Overflow, and Google but still don't understand the difference between Route::resource and Route::controller. php artisan make:controller PhotoController --resource --model=Photo. You can check the code for this out over at my repo: Resource controllers are just Laravel controllers with all the methods to create, read, update, and delete a resource (or a Model). * Remove the specified resource from storage. DELETE = delete. By using a Laravel resource controller we can easily and powerful set up a RESTful API. The Validator rules have the extra sometimes bits, with a PATCH request, you're only supposed to pass the bits of data you want to update, if you want to update the entire thing and will be providing all of the keys, you would use a PUT request instead. Basically here I will show you some tips. You can read more about factories on the official docs here. URI: api/employees/{employee} Run artisan command from command line in the root directory of laravel application. We need to return if any validation fails. In the previous Laravel REST API tutorial, I have used Fractal 3rd party library to control API response data. In this guide, I'm going to create a small Laravel 8 application to show how to use a Resource controller with a RESTful api and some basic CRUD functions. Lets just use the UsersContoller as an example. DEV Community © 2016 - 2020. GET = read php artisan make:controller UserController --resource --model=user By running above command, you will see resource controller "UserController" with all the method we need. Simple test, like the others, we create an employee in the database, with the active flag set to true, we then send a delete request to the named route employees.delete passing in the employee->id. Should I make seperate controllers for API and WEB? To check everything is working, Laravel comes with a default test, you can simply run. You can test the entire folder by running. I said at the beginning that I don't like completely destroying data in a database, I try to use softDeletes where possible. | Action                                             |, | App\Http\Controllers\ProductsApiController@show    |, //your_domain.com/api/products/product_id, Command To Create Simple Resourceful API Controllers, Model Specific Resourceful API Controllers. Using the make:controller Artisan command, we can quickly create such a controller: Now, let’s learn about how we can deal with resource … * @param Request $request If you have model directly as App/Product.php then you can give --model Product.php. Open this file and remove the testExample() that is there. To create the resource controller in laravel 8, so, you can execute the following command on command prompt: php artisan make:controller ProductController --resource PHP artisan make controller resource command creates a resource controller. I have added the active => true inside the make() method, as this passes overrides to the factory. $updated_employee is now the $employee with updated data, we then save it, and return the EmployeeResource again, passing in the $updated_employee. Next, you may register a resourceful route to the controller in your routes/api.php or routes/web.php file: Route::resource('post', 'PostController'); This single registration will remove the need for you to create different route registrations for GET, POST, PUT, DELETE and the rest of … */, github.com/lordkerwin/laravel-8-resource-controllers. … You can use the following way to validate and return the JSON response. Creating routes. Laravel resource controller and resource route is pretty interesting feature to create quick CRUD application in laravel. In Laravel 5.5, we now have API resources and these resources are … Routes are the URLs that we can access the methods in the controller. For resource you have to do two things on laravel application. Laravel will give us a powerfully simple API that we can consume. Laravel is a web application framework with expressive, elegant syntax. Laravel resource controller and resource route is pretty interesting feature to create quick CRUD application in laravel. You could also create controllers for your API routes using the --api flag instead of --resource flag. Open up the newly created migration table for an Employee and add any fields you want against an employee. We do a transaction, like we did in the store() method, here we've assigned it to the variable $updated_employee, this is because $employee is being eager loaded in the method. Laravel resource routing assigns the typical "CRUD" routes to a controller with a single line of code. API resources were introduced in Laravel 5.5. Now that we have everything setup and ready, for the sake of this guide, I'm going to be using an Employee model, this application will have CRUD functions, think of it as a database of employees. This will create the routes automatically for us. This concludes the update part of the CRUD functions. Please check the related article which might be very helpful for you. Basically, we're returning a collection of the EmployeeResource, passing in the Employee model, and using the simplePaginate trait, we're also assigning a default limit of 15 unless one is specified in a URL Param. I am back with another article on in my previous article I had shown you how to create Resourceful Controller for web in What Is Laravel Resourceful Controllers? Laravel's resource controller comes with some methods that we will use, index, show, store, update, destroy. Another beautiful thing what you can do with Laravel is specify the Model while creating the Resourceful API Controller because for Route Model Binding.. Create a new directory manually inside the Http folder called Transformers, inside this folder, create a new file called EmployeeTransformer.php. And then finally return the EmployeeResource passing in the newly created $employee. * The show() method on the EmployeeController is probably one of the smallest: Run the test for showing a single employee. * @param Employee $employee If you have all of this, run the test again and you should see green. I am by no means a PHP/Laravel expert, but If i wasn't writing this guide alongside actually writing the code, I can do this in under 10 minutes. API refers to the Application Programming Interface ... RESTful Web services allow the requesting systems to access and manipulate textual representations of Web resources by ... another imperative in the consideration and, on the same impetus, execute the following command. So navigate to app/http/controllers/API directory and open the PassportAuthController.php file. But as far as I know Route Model Binding with API's is bit tricky and sneaky one. Laravel 8 rest api crud tutorial. To check the list of available routes you can use the following command, You will be able to see similar to the following output. The API only needs a few routes, where as the WEB needs all default resource routes. Controllers Introduction. One final step before start coding. As we are creating REST API Controller here we don't need any create() or edit() view pages. In the above line observer apiResource carefully. If you are building restful api laravel resources are great place to start. */, /** Now i will create resource controller by using artisan command. ® All rights reserved. To break this down quickly, we have a validator at the top that checks the $request->input(). 3. Laravel Orion allows you to build a fully-featured REST API based on your Eloquent models and relationships with the simplicity of Laravel as you love it. from within your applications directory and it will run the example test, if you see green, everything is setup! article. as follows, Now lets have a look at our implementation part. The sometimes bit in the validator basically means, if the key is present in the request, continue with the validation, if not, don't worry. © Copyright 2020 StackCoder. This guide was written from my point of view and my development environment, I use a mac, and have Valet installed with MySQL/PHP installed via homebrew. It's almost the same as the store/create part aside from some minor changes. Instead of adding individual API routes in api.php file you can simply add the following code. Define Routes. You may have noticed that I have included a softDeletes column. * @return EmployeeResource|JsonResponse The http methods for CRUD functions are as follows: POST = create This tutorial shows how to use Laravel API resources feature to build a REST API. There is still plenty of room for improvement, we're missing some key things such as Authentication and better error handling, but this should provide the basis of what I consider a simple, concise and clear TDD RESTful API. Now that we’ve built and examined both regular and resource controllers, we’re ready to speed up our development process by using the time-saving resource controller with all of the CRUD functionality pre-built for the Author and Book controllers! It takes 2 parameters 1st is the POST form details we get this in Request $request variable, 2nd parameter takes the rules to validate the form data. Resource Controllers can make life much easier and takes advantage of some cool Laravel routi Creating, reading, updating, and deleting resources is used in pretty much every application. */, /** first you have to create resource route on laravel they provide insert, update, view, delete routes and second you have to create resource controller that will provide method for insert, update, view and delete. In this post, I will show how easy it is to use API resources to build REST APIs. Inside the return array, I have added the following to mine: To see this in action, you can open up tinker and run the following: And you'll get something back along the lines of this: We're going to go ahead now and write our first test, yes, we're going to write a test before we write any actual logic, this is the core principle of test driven development. There you have it, simple test-driven development of a basic CRUD function. */, test_can_get_paginated_list_of_all_employees, /** Laravel 6 CRUD Route: crud application Route in Laravel 6 Examples Populate User API Controller 4. I'm an intuative and determined software developer who loves to code, I can always find a solution to the problem even if its a stack/language I'm not familiar with. Basically in REST validation you need to return the JSON response. The reason, I used –resource keyword at the end of command is that it create all the CRUD methods automatically. routes/api.php I then assert that my response is successful, and then assert that the database, employees table contains the data from the $employee factory we created. This is almost the same as the store() method on the controller, we have some changes. If you have your Docker container running we can test out the API. * @return EmployeeResource Hi all, this is Adi again for a Laravel post. For E.g., If we wish to create a controller that handles all HTTP requests “photos” stored by our application using the make:controller Artisan command. We strive for transparency and don't collect excess data. Have you noticed, that when building an API, you often keep writing the same code over and over again? Laravel Resource Controller. github.com/lordkerwin/laravel-8-resource-controllers. Testing the Laravel API. This means having a controller for a resource is optional. * Update the specified resource in storage. Now reopen our API resource controller, go to app\Http\Controllers\Api\PostController.php, ... That’s all about laravel crud using resource API … Using create() will actually write this employee to the database, we don't want to do that, we just need the values from the EmployeeFactory, this is why we use the make(). So, each resource contains a toArray method which translates your model's attributes into an API friendly array that can be returned from your application's routes or controllers: faker->name and so on... Back over to our EmployeeController and we're going to work on the update() method. Passing in true on the make() method will force it to always be true. About Laravel. Whilst this might seem daunting and a lot of work to do, in reality, it becomes second nature the more you do it. Inside the try, we assign $employee to a new EmployeeTransformer passing in the $validator->validate() fields. Another beautiful thing what you can do with Laravel is specify the Model while creating the Resourceful API Controller because for Route Model Binding. However, with Route::controller we can accomplish the same thing as with Route::resource and we can specify only the needed actions. Laravel's resource controller comes with some methods that we will use, index, show, store, update, destroy. This needs to be in JSON response. Built on Forem — the open source software that powers DEV and other inclusive communities. You can create a resource controller with this artisan command: This sums up the read part of this guide. Back to our test, run the test for updating an employee. When you register routes, the standard JSON API controller will be used by default. Let’s use Postman to test our API calls: We then use a Database Transaction, and a try/catch. I then do a POST request to employee.store - This is a named route and we'll get more into this shortly. Before the introduction of API resources, we often used a package like fractal as a transformation layer to output JSON responses when building REST APIs. You can still restore this record, but that's out of the scope of this tutorial, however, you can read about record restoring here. For example, you may wish to create a controller that handles all HTTP requests for "photos" stored by your application. I have passed into the POST request the fields I need to actually create the Employee. Laravel resource routing assigns the “CRUD” routes to a controller with the help of single line code. You will be able to see other fields along with the 3 columns I have actually filtered the columns with the following command, We saw how to add the automatic routes inside our api.php, just incase if you feel secured or want very few routes with few modifications then you can use the following way, Even these routes can be access with api prefixed with it. Good content takes time and effort to come up with. Our first test is to make sure we can create an employee; Let's break this test down, first we call an instance of the Employee factory, but we use the make() instead of the create(). * @param Employee $employee 2) Model Specific Resourceful API Controllers. --api - Specifies that we are creating API controller. * * @param Request $request Update is a good one! You will realise how small you write code and your controllers are clean. Resource Controller. Once that has all been created, there's a few things we need to setup, we need to link our new application to our database, so go ahead and create an SQL database and put the credentials in the .env file of your application. To get started, we can use the make:controller Artisan command's --resource option to quickly create a … * Display the specified resource. php artisan make:controller ProductController --resource. Laravel helps make the process easy using resource controllers. Route for API & Web 3. And I am using Product as model name which resides inside App/Models/Product.php. Please consider supporting us by just disabling your AD BLOCKER and reloading this page again. Route: employees.show first you have to create resource route on laravel they provide insert, update, view, delete routes and second you have to create resource controller that will provide method for insert, update, view and delete. We can quickly create a controller. Read on. These are called resource controllers. We are using Validator to check the validation. Now the new controller will you what you mention in the --model flag. I wanted to explain this basic concept. Is that it create all the CRUD methods automatically update part of the CRUD functions are as follows POST... Which allows you to customize the JSON response data of your API in several ways employee.store - parameter. -- model flag between the data model layer and the endpoints are the URLs that we are creating resourceful... Read PATCH = update delete = delete us by just disabling your AD BLOCKER and reloading this page again are! For a resource without any customisation a named Route and we should see green easy it to... Is your Transformer of sorts which allows you to customize the JSON response data any fields you against... -- model flag we should see green I do n't like completely destroying data in database! Working, Laravel comes with a single employee this feature as a type of transformation layer that lives the... An API and WEB essentially inactive a controller with a default test, you often keep the. Have passed into the POST request to employee.store - this is down to business/company logic, but this... By default read more about softDeletes over at the top that checks the $ request- input... A softDeletes column controller by using artisan command have it, simple test-driven development a. Docker container running we can test out the API only needs a routes! About how we can consume controller that can handle all JSON API controller using the command. Top that checks the $ validator- > validate ( ) resource - this is Adi again for a resource optional... 2 lines in the -- model flag how to build a robust API in Laravel '' stored your... You want against an employee has been softDeleted, I have passed the. Store snippets for re-use as the store ( ) method on the,... As the WEB needs all default resource routes HTTP requests for `` photos '' stored your. Resource you have model directly as App/Product.php then you can give -- model flag describes feature... Routing assigns the typical `` CRUD '' routes to a controller that handles all HTTP requests ``... ’ s use Postman to test our API calls: php artisan make: controller --. To actually create the employee create a controller with the help of single line code in storage essentially... Specifies that we can test out the API … now we can test out the only. Aside from some minor changes supporting us by just disabling your AD BLOCKER and reloading this page again API. That lives between the data model layer and the JSON response and the are... For re-use will be used by default laravel api resource controller have noticed that I passed. Be false in api.php file you can do with Laravel is a Route!, destroy with expressive, elegant syntax REST validation you need to actually create the employee this! Excess data this means having a controller with the new release of Laravel application for re-use,. Documentation describes this feature as a type of transformation layer that lives between the data model layer the! Sums up the read part of the answers said Route::resource was for CRUD the POST to! Simply add the following code can also register multiple API routes at with! Used by default again for a resource without any customisation pretty interesting feature to create quick CRUD application Laravel. Destroying data in a database Transaction, and a WEB interface 's is bit tricky and sneaky one API. Routes in api.php file you can use the following code source software that powers dev and inclusive... N'T like completely destroying data in a database Transaction, and the endpoints are the acted... Let ’ s use Postman to test laravel api resource controller API calls: php artisan make: PhotoController. Network for software developers BLOCKER and reloading this page again use a database, I ’ ll showing. 'Re essentially inactive, destroy end of command is that it has been,... Index, show, store, update, destroy a specific employee lets first create another test the! By using artisan command the resources acted upon method and we should see green few routes where! The documentation describes this feature as a type of transformation layer that lives between the data model and... Us a powerfully simple API that we will use, index, show, store,,... To control API response data of your API in several ways new EmployeeTransformer in. Robust API in Laravel 6 CRUD Route: CRUD application Route in Laravel CRUD... As actions, and a WEB interface controller because for Route model Binding have to two. In RESTful APIs, we use the HTTP methods as actions, and a try/catch employee to a API! Application framework with expressive, elegant syntax the specified resource show ( ) that is.. Can give -- model flag we strive for transparency and do n't collect excess data time... Some methods that we can test out the API n't need any create ( ) method the... Resource Route is pretty interesting feature to build a robust API in Laravel 6 Examples Laravel REST... Takes time and effort to come up with that it create all CRUD... Specified resource JSON API controller here we do n't collect excess data and uncomment the lines! Can access the methods in the -- model Product.php the end of command is that create. Let you quickly answer FAQs or store snippets for re-use come up with some methods we. Should be false resource you have your Docker container running we can start working with API resources development! Called EmployeeTransformer.php look at the top that checks the $ validator- > (..., destroy WEB interface PATCH = update delete = delete for `` photos '' stored by your application the. I said at the beginning that I have set it up to choose either true or false random... And API keys and remove the testExample ( ) fields test for updating an employee add! Content takes time and effort to come up with can give -- model Product.php the factory ) fields do... The example test, if an employee has been deleted then they 're essentially inactive open up the read of... Asserted that the active flag should be false expressive, elegant syntax code over and over again routing the! I do n't collect excess data noticed that I have used Fractal party... Let you quickly answer FAQs or store snippets for re-use needs all default laravel api resource controller.. False at random the XML file BLOCKER and reloading this page again I will show how it... Now I will show how easy it is to use softDeletes where possible fields you want an. Photos '' stored by your application please check the related article which might very. This POST, I have set it up to choose either true or false at random is there realise small! Up the read part of this, run the test for updating an employee store, update, destroy command. Route is pretty interesting feature to build REST APIs Laravel POST on application! Directory manually inside the make ( ) method, as this passes overrides to laravel api resource controller.! -- model Product.php, you can do with Laravel is a named Route and we 'll use faker give. A specific employee lets first create another test StackOverflow asking what Laravel resource were. The try, we have a validator at the factory 's is bit and. – a constructive and inclusive social network for software developers make ( ) method on the official here... Up-To-Date and grow their careers test for showing a single employee new Resourcesfolder and populates the functions! A standard controller that can handle all JSON API controller here we do n't collect excess data framework! Specified resource in storage resources in Laravel to the factory softDeletes over the. Patch = update delete = delete the read part of the CRUD functions are as follows: =. Assign $ employee to a controller with a single line of code to this! And creative experience to be truly fulfilling powers dev and other inclusive communities will show how easy is. Have it, simple test-driven development of a basic laravel api resource controller function BLOCKER reloading. Data model layer and the endpoints are the resources acted upon that we creating., the standard JSON API controller here we do n't collect excess data more this. This folder, create a new directory manually inside the HTTP methods as,. Party library to control API response data of your API routes in api.php you. Green, everything is setup you will realise how small you write code and your controllers are clean in... `` CRUD '' routes to a new Resourcesfolder and populates the following code code and your controllers clean! Of a basic CRUD function I used –resource keyword at the store method smallest! Create GET = read PATCH = update delete = delete code over and over again type of layer! For showing a single line code acted upon another beautiful thing what you can simply run quickly answer or... { employee } method: GET to employee.store - this is down business/company! Transformation layer that lives between the data model layer and the endpoints the! Crud function the specified resource in storage the artisan command to be truly fulfilling 2 in... And uncomment the 2 lines in the -- API flag instead of adding individual API routes using --... Resource … now we can start working with API resources to build a robust in., and a WEB application framework with expressive, elegant syntax be enjoyable. Model directly as App/Product.php then you can read more about factories on the EmployeeController is probably one the...