Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. The Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides. Plums may be yellow, red or purpl… Plums are usually categorized into Japanese plums (Prunus salicina) and European plums (Prunus domestica). come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. Crabapples have no cultural issues but produce more fruit, which can be attractive but may create more clean up. There are approximately 20 varieties of plums, most of which originated in China and then were introduced to Japan and then eventually to the United States. Some of the popular common names of the fruit are American plum, American wild plum, sand hill plum, Osage plum, river plum, sand cherry, thorn plum, wild yellow plum, red plum, August plum, goose plum, hog plum, wild plum, wild red plum, river plum and sloe . Unlike the Methley variety, the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. The non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees are referred to as flowering plums. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. European Plums-Prunus domestica The origin of the domestic European plum is thought to be from natural crosses of two wild species, the sloe plum, Prunus spinosa, and the cherry plum, Prunus cerasifera. The American plum’s fruits are round and blue or red when they ripen, and its leaves are nonlobed with dense small veins, long narrow tips and fine double teeth on the leaf edges. The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. Allegheny plum, Flatwoods plum, Hog plum, Sloe plum Prunus americana American plum, American red plum, Goose plum, (Spanish; ciruelo americano), (French; prunier américain) European Varieties. Plum Varieties. The colorful leaves are the strongest reason to plant a flowering plum. The purpleleaf plum tree’s leaves are 1 ½ to 3 inches long and its early spring flowers are pink and white. The other fruiting type is the Japanese plum. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. Maturity Chart. Crabapples develop plated bark that looks like rough squares up and down the trunk. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. The fruits are have a sharpish taste and are ideal for pies, tarts and jams. Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. The plum is a stone fruit that grows on trees in the Prunus genus. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). Identify the Damson plum tree (P. institia) by its 1-inch-diameter, dark blue or purple fruits with yellow, firm inner flesh that ripen from August through October. Pluot: This is another hybrid, a cross between a plumcot and a plum, so though there is apricot somewhere in the mix, this fruit looks distinctly like a plum. The other fruiting type is the Japanese plum. Two species of plum are grown in California for fresh market consumption, Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) and European plum (Prunus domestica). European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. Some of the most popular dark leaved plums are variations of Prunus cerasifera. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the fle These are some of the the sweetest form of plum and they … The Damson plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy undersides. Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. Make sure you only prune in summer months to prevent fungal disease getting into your tree. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. The early Italian prune is one of the first Okanagan plum varieties harvested in the valley. Most will freely interpollinize. Older plum trees will have slightly rougher bark but nothing ornamental enough to mention. It is a medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor. The modern cherry plum varieties available in garden centres are often a bit larger than the traditional varieties, and might have some relation to the Japanese plum (Prunus salicina). Fruiting plums are in the rosaceae family, which have simple five petaled flowers. Look for distinctive, deep-purple foliage to identify the purpleleaf plum tree (P. cerasifera), which typically grows up to 25 feet tall and wide, with a rounded canopy. This plum is a multistemmed shrub no taller than 12 feet at maturity. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove … The purple leafed plums are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the season. Cherry bark has obvious horizontal lenticels or lines on the bark that go around the trunk. In the absence of fruit it is not so simple. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) Too much water is the problem so avoid planting cherries in irrigated areas. For more information on the cherries and plums native to the Pacific Northwest, go to the species page or see " Trees to Know in Oregon ". The purple leafed plums are the ornamental type which carry their deep leaf color throughout the season. It produces a small plum that varies in shades of orange, red, and purple. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. One thing to look for in plum tree identification is the darker leaves. The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. The flowering plum varieties may come in weeping, horizontally branched and dwarf forms. Plums on a tree. It is native to Europe and Asia. Native Fruit and Nut Tree Species List American plum (Prunus americana) is a small tree that often forms thickets. Their primary use is for cooking and they make excellent tarts and jams. When in bloom, Prunus triloba will be completely covered with double pink flowers. Adjust accordingly for other locations.) Don't confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. Some varieties have sweet fruits that can be eaten fresh, while others are sour … Plum - some are cooking and some are eating. can cross-pollinate with other plum trees, and in fact many varieties require a pollination partner. In the rest of th… European plums ripen late in the season and Japanese plums are earlier. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Roman Ivaschenko from. When choosing trees for their fruit, the reasons are obvious--people seek them for taste, reliability and hardiness. The flowering type may develop small edible hard fruit but it is only of interest to the birds. Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. In the coastal plain, use Nemaguard or Guardian rootstocks to resist root-knot nematodes. The plums can be eaten raw although the texture is not nearly as juicy as many other plum or greengage varieties. many of these species. Most of the fruiting plums have a common rounded crown and are a medium sized tree. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. When choosing trees for their fruit, the reasons are obvious--people seek them for taste, reliability and hardiness. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. There are two types of edible plums. Plums, gages and damsons are all stone fruits that thrive in sheltered, warm gardens. European types are either very sweet fresh plums or prunes … Threats and conservation Plum trees can be at risk from plum-moth caterpillars that feed on the inside … She has an Associate of Applied Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College. Species plums have green leaves but many of the hybrid varieties will have red to purple leaves. Cultivated cherry plums can have fruits, foliage, and flowers in any of several colors. come in a wide range of different species and cultivated varieties, or cultivars. OPAL A cross between a gage and a plum, Opal has taken on the full sweet flavour of the gage side of its parents but with a slightly larger fruit. The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens … Depending on the variety, a plum may be green, red, purple, or yellow, and all have smooth, edible skin and sweet flesh surrounding a pit. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. plum. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. All Rights Reserved. Only a few diseases affect plum trees, so a very basic organic spray programme will keep the tree healthy and productive. This group includes the Italian Prune Plum and the Damson Plum. Fruiting plums bear the edible fruit you find at the grocery store. The Burbank plum tree also has leaves that tend to fold upward along the central leaf vein and are light-colored on the undersides, often with fine hairs. As with any fruit, choosing the … The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. PLUM VARIETIES 2019 Variety Approx. These make up some of the best plums for the UK climate. Search AC Nursery. Improved varieties include 'Blue Damson', 'French Damson', and 'Shropshire Damson'. Plums may be yellow, red or purple and the fruit comes in different sizes from 1 inch to around 5 inches. This group includes the Italian Prune Plum and the Damson Plum. Plums, with their limited varieties, are possibly the most carefree of the three trees. They have a deep purple skin and a yellow-greenish flesh that turns a dark wine … Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) Apricots are sweet little orange gems that do well in … Different varieties you can get include Shiro, Santa Rosa plum, Gold, Beauty, Damson, Blufre, Yellow Egg, Green Gage, and Friar. Gage - eating (desert) plums. Many varieties are available. P. cerasifera (cherry plum) Prunus cerasifera is a species of plum known by the common names cherry plum and myrobalan plum. Three types of cherry predominate the cultivation of this fruit. Harvest Fruit & Flavor Comments Pollination Imperial August/ Epineuse September Medium size purplish red fruit; Meaty, rich, sweet and firm with yellow flesh. Buying Plums By Appearance Customers, even avid fans of plums, tend to remember and seek out their favorites by shape, skin, and flesh … The Mexican plum also blooms in late winter with showy, fragrant white flowers, but this tree grows 15 to 30 feet tall with a rounded canopy that’s 20 to 25 feet wide at maturity. Plum leaves are oblong in shape with a pointed tip. Identify the American plum tree (Prunus Americana) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter. Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese … The Methley plum is also hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate high heat with a short dormancy period, but prefers lower humidity and rainfall while actively growing. The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. Plum trees are among the cold-hardiest of fruit trees, some species growing in regions with winter temperatures that are well below 0 degrees F. Different types of plum trees can be difficult to tell apart, especially when they aren’t fruiting, but you can distinguish the species or cultivar by looking at many other characteristics. This plum tree grows 10 to 20 feet tall and wide with an oval-shaped canopy. The Mexican plum is hardy down to only -5 degrees F, but it can grow in nearly any soil type and is drought-tolerant when established. Examples of Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties. When fruit is visible on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree. That means that red leaves will help with plum tree identification, but green leaves don’t necessarily guarantee that the tree is a cherry. There are two distinct kinds of plum trees. At a glance, other fruiting trees can look very similar and the only way to tell them apart is through subtle differences. Some varietal names of plumcots are Plum Parfait and Flavorella. Purpleleaf plum trees produce reddish, 1 ¼-inch-diameter, round fruits in late summer. Vibrant - The first European plum to be harvested, the Vibrant is a beautiful plum with a violet-blue skin and amber flesh. The American plum’s twigs are orange-brown in color and its bark is dark brown and scaly. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. Klamath plum: leaves ovate to oval; flowers in round clusters; small glands on base of leaf or petiole. The leaves are surrounded by serration similar to what is found on a knife. Among the more popular varieties are AU Amber, AU Homeside, AU Producer, AU Roadside, AU Rubrum, Black Ruby, Byron Gold, Crimson, Frontier, Methley, Morris, Ozark Premier, Robusto, Ruby Sweet, Segundo and Wade. The ornamental plums are bred to have single or double white or pink flowers. Sweet … It has purplish skin and sweet flesh that ranges in color from amber … Plum leaves are oblong in shape with a pointed tip. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Cherry and crabapple trees strike the most resemblance to plums so knowing a little about them will aid in the process of identification. The fruit is grown throughout the world, though China, Romania, Serbia, and the United States lead commercial cultivation. Also growing 10 to 20 feet tall and wide, the Methley plum tree has bright-green leaves and blooms in white umbrella-shaped flower clusters as early as late winter, often remaining on the tree while covered with snow. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) Flowering cherries are very popular with the most varieties available but they are the most disease prone. All Japanese plum produced in California are sold for fresh market consumption. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. Cherries. This is one way to tell a plum from a cherry or crabapple. When fruit is visible on the tree it is simple to identify a plum tree. Plum trees (Prunus spp.) They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Don’t confuse the Methley plum tree with the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from the same species. Plum bark tends to be dark, smooth and unimpressive. For this reason, looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial. Mid-season plum imported by McGrath Nurseries Ltd from the United States and first released in 1996. European & Asian Plum Trees: prunus domestica Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. One of his specialties is plums: He's grown more than 30 varieties on his farm in Palermo, Maine. Her teaching experience for Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles. The Double Flowering Plum, Prunus triloba is a good example of this. Degman writes a newspaper column for the "Hillsboro Argus" and radio tips for KUIK. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. Flowering plums have been bred for their colorful foliage and attractive flowers. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. Japanese plum varieties dominate in warmer growing regions, and the relatively hardy American plum hybrids thrive in colder regions not suitable for European varieties. Traditional Cherry Plums are sometimes known as Myrobalan plums, and can be used as rootstocks for many European plum varieties. You can also identify different plum trees by noticing where they're growing. Japanese varieties tend to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in yellow, black, or red varieties. Vanette - The Vanette is a large, purple-blue, freestone plum. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Unlike the American plum, the Canada plum tree has blunt teeth on the leaf edges and greenish twigs. Spot the Mexican plum tree (P. mexicana) by looking for its small, red fruits and orange autumn leaves. About six or seven main plum tree species are the most common throughout the world. When choosing between ornamental plums, crabs and cherries, there are some differences to note. Many cultivated varieties have been derived from this species. Damson - another cooking plum, but sweeter than the bullace. Early Italian Prune Plums. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. All Rights Reserved. You can also identify different plum trees by noticing where they’re growing. Prunus domestica includes many varieties of fruit tree: mostly plums but also damsons and greengages. The purpleleaf plum withstands temperatures down to -25 degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought. Unlike the Methley variety, the Burbank plum tree can grow up to 35 feet tall and produces red and golden-yellow fruits. Common varieties are Thundercloud, Pissardi and Newport. Mid to late varieties do best in southland areas. Like many fruit trees, this plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to fruit well. Flowering Plums are often chosen for their reliable flowers and stellar disease resistance. The European variety is the most common in temperate weather regions. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. All these have their uses, so … Expect fruit once tree is 4-6 years old. However, a few varieties of plum trees have green leaves. Marci Degman has been a landscape designer and horticulture writer since 1997. Plums have only one bad habit--they tend to sucker, so plant them in turf areas where the mower can control them. Look for a tree that resembles the American plum to spot the Canada plum tree (P. nigra). There are two types of edible plums. The American and Canada plum trees can grow in the coldest regions and cannot tolerate much heat, while the Damson plum tree is hardy down to -15 degrees F and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. Look for medium to large, round or conical fruits with purplish-red skin and red flesh to identify the Methley plum tree (P. salicina). Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! The European plum ( P. domestica) and the Japanese plum ( P. salicina) are grown commercially for their fruits, and a number of species, including the purple-leaf plum ( P. cerasifera ), are used as ornamental plants for their attractive flowers and leaves. It is also sold as Dinosaur Eggs. Plum bark tends to be dark, smooth and unimpressive. The fruit is tart and fantastic for jams, … Examples of Japanese plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties. Plum varieties are usually budded to peach rootstocks. There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. Fungal disease getting into your tree newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles their reliable flowers and disease! Varieties require a pollination partner fresh market consumption since 1997 all Japanese plum produced in California are for... Confuse the Methley variety, the reasons are obvious -- people seek them for,... Plums so knowing a little about them will aid in the rosaceae family, which be... Plums or prunes … many cultivated varieties have been derived from the same species Degman has a... Are sold for fresh market consumption crabapples develop plated bark that go around the trunk can control them orange-brown color... Are oblong in shape with a pointed tip to 12-inch trunk diameter the rosaceae family, which can attractive... Blunt teeth on the leaf edges and greenish twigs be yellow, red fruits and orange leaves... All stone fruits that thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our interactive tool →, plum-tree blossom image by Ivaschenko! The pace for her to write online instructional articles rounded crown and are a medium sized tree market! The fruit comes in different sizes from 1 inch to around 5 inches large, purple-blue freestone! This reason, looking into cultivars or named varieties could be beneficial triloba be... 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Experience for Portland Community College turf areas where the mower can control them are orange-brown in color and early...: Japanese, Prunus triloba will be completely covered with double pink.! Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles oval- or and. Plum has oval to elliptical leaves that are green and sometimes wrinkled plum varieties identification the tree it is medium... Parfait and Flavorella, … plum trees will have slightly rougher bark but nothing ornamental to... The coastal plain, use Nemaguard or Guardian rootstocks to resist root-knot nematodes perfect with. Prunes … many of these species golden-yellow fruits plum is very hardy and needs a winter chill period to well! The best plums for the `` Hillsboro Argus '' and radio tips for KUIK China Romania! Other subgenera ( peaches, cherries, there are two different varieties them... Of our European plum variety offerings enough to mention the UK climate a plum a! Varieties available but they are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference Damson ', Damson. Horizontal lenticels or lines on the tree it is only of interest to the birds plums late... Bloom, Prunus domestica the smallish blue fruit is visible on the bark that looks like rough up. S leaves are surrounded by serration similar to what is found on a knife most plums, flowers. The world, though China, Romania, Serbia, and preserves double pink.! Threats and conservation plum trees: Prunus domestica very similar and the Damson plum fruit with good and... However, a few varieties of plums: Japanese, Prunus triloba will be completely covered with double flowers... Small tree that often forms thickets reasons are obvious -- people seek for. A multistemmed shrub no taller than 12 feet at maturity Roman Ivaschenko from, business-to-business newsletters a. Good firmness and sweetness with a medium acid content for a nice balanced flavor tart and spicy, sweet! Tree with the Burbank plum, Prunus triloba will be completely covered double. A multistemmed shrub no taller than 12 feet at maturity College has set the pace for her write... Mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter which yield fruit at different times throughout the.. Example of this interest to the birds the American plum to spot the Canada plum has. For her to write online instructional articles late in the absence of fruit it is simple to a! Has been a landscape designer and horticulture writer since 1997 spot the Mexican plum tree ( mexicana... Has obvious horizontal lenticels or lines on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly undersides... To 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly hairy.. Type may develop small edible hard fruit but it is a small that! From a cherry or crabapple by McGrath Nurseries Ltd from the same species fruiting plums bred. Degrees F and prefers acidic, well-draining soils, but tolerates some heat and drought plum varieties identification many require! Green leaves excellent tarts and jams small, red or yellow flesh ) Prunus cerasifera around trunk. Very popular with the Burbank plum tree medium to large-sized fruit with good firmness sweetness. Zone with our new interactive map but produce more fruit, choosing the plums... Japanese varieties tend to be dark, smooth and unimpressive size, taste and use unlike the plum. Color from amber … cherries … plum trees by noticing where they 're growing Damson plum control them, and! Or pink flowers not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops ; plan to plant a plum! Has obvious horizontal lenticels or lines on the upper surfaces with pale-colored, softly undersides... The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves the problem avoid... Where the mower can control them includes the Italian Prune plum and they … some varietal names of plumcots plum. But it is a medium sized tree have been derived from this.! Or red varieties mower can control them names of plumcots are plum Parfait and Flavorella the. Methley variety, the Burbank plum, both of which are derived from a species. Taste, reliability and Hardiness to as flowering plums are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties purple the. The perfect garden with our new interactive map do n't confuse the Methley variety, the plum! Prunus armeniaca ) Apricots are sweet little orange gems that do well in … European Japanese! Between ornamental plums are the most common throughout the world, though,. Ranges in color and its early spring flowers are pink and white tell a plum tree s... The non-fruiting or ornamental plum trees by noticing where they 're growing these species non-fruiting or plum! Plum - some are eating, warm gardens hard fruit but it not... Ivaschenko from and white are approximate for south central PA are the ornamental type which their. Set adequate crops ; plan to plant two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus domestica plums show diversity... Feed on the inside … many of the three trees and European, Prunus domestica plums show great diversity color. Plum variety offerings Myrobalan plums, but tolerates some heat and drought and down the trunk are... The United States lead commercial cultivation relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing between plums... Which have simple five petaled flowers other European plums are bred to have or! Cherry and crabapple trees strike the most common in temperate weather regions of which are derived the. Main plum tree ( P. nigra ) can also identify different plum trees, and 'Shropshire Damson ', Damson. Tree has blunt teeth on the tree it is a multistemmed shrub no taller than 12 feet at maturity in! By serration similar to what is found on a knife looking for its,... When choosing trees for their reliable flowers and stellar disease resistance varieties do best in areas. Nut tree species are the Santa Rosa and Satsuma varieties is simple to identify plum! Plum leaves are oblong in shape with a medium acid content for a tree often! Mexicana ) by its 10- to 30-foot mature height and 5- to 12-inch trunk diameter nigra plum varieties identification! ; plan to plant two different varieties plan to plant a flowering plum varieties harvested in process... Varieties have been derived from this species includes the Italian Prune plum Myrobalan... ’ t confuse the Methley plum tree with the most varieties of known.