Learn more. The adapting of the words of Scripture to a speech or subject to illustrate it; and adapts application of Scripture. Covetousness is one of the capital sins because it easily leads to other sins. Passion music.). Church Suffering, Church Militant, and Church Triumphant. Apostolic Fathers, n.pl. Canopy, n.; Gr., L., It. which the cruets containing wine and water are placed. The colleges of the different nationalities at Rome for the training of theological students. Actual Grace, adj. This site is for any person wishing to learn about the Traditional Christian Faith as it has been passed down through the ages. abbot), n.; L., Fr. in church. Campanile, n,; It. Chapter.). Abjuration, n.; L. (1) The renunciation or denial under oath of an apostasy, heresy or schism before apostates, heretics or schismatics are validly absolved from excommunication. The name attached to that body of rules or laws for the direction of all faithful in matters of faith and conduct. ; L. One who intones the antiphons when the breviary is sung in choir. Capitulary, n.; L. A set of "chapters" each of which was a law. to the Divine Office alone. Altar.). charisma; Gr. An adaptation of the words of Scripture to express idea different from those intended by the author. God or His creatures; if calling The creeds in the Catholic Church are four: The Apostles' Creed, the Nicene Creed, the Athanasian, and the Creed of Pius the Fourth. Anticlericalism, n; L. Opposition to religion by attacking the clergy or attempting to stop their activities. Work to advance the cause of Christ in temporal and spiritual matters; first, personally, second, in the family, and third, in the associations of social life. worship; it embraces all the acts of As head of an ecclesiastical province the archbishop is called the metropolitan, the other bishops are called suffragans. Enclosure; also Cloister.). An administrator bishop. Fr. Chrism is used in the consecration of bishops, the consecration of churches, altar stones, chalices, patens, and in the solemn blessing of bells and baptismal water. Usually a motto is also attached. which cannot be given to any crea- Christening, n.; L., A.S. diction, which is the administering Convent, n.; L. The community living quarters of sisters or brothers. Abbess, n.; L., Fr. It was used during the persecutions. General absolution is that given to a group simultaneously when private confession is impossible. Apodictic,adj. Roman Curia, or to the ecclesiastical court. In French, a soutane. This cap takes the place of the biretta. (3) The collective name used in regard to the cardinals who form the advisory body of the This may be an attack against the clergy themselves or attempts to stop their work, or it may be simply an habitual spirit of antagonism. In the Mass, the washing and consuming by the priest of this wine and water. Therefore it denied the true humanity of Christ. pl. Aureole, n.; L. (1) In art, the light or gold shading surrounding the figure depicted in a sacred picture. The lunar Traditional Catholic, Pro Life, Pro Chastity, Joyfully Feminine For a sufficient reason, miterial cooperation is sometimes lawful. It could entail more depending on the individual, but, generally speaking and in a nutshell, I'd say that's it. The canonical age affects the life of a Christian in the following: (a) at the age of seven a child becomes subject to the laws of the Church, e.g., Sunday Mass, abstinence, etc. In this sense it is used in regard to the introduction of the case of a deceased person for the process of beatification and canonization. (Cf. dead is given. The body of Christian; who profess the faith of Christ and believe in all the teachings of Jesus Christ, use the same means of grace, the Sacraments, and of the same authorities, their pastors united under one visible head, the Pope who is the representative of Christ on earth; that Church instituted by Christ with infallible authority under the visible head, the Pope; the Church which has all four of (3) The actual performance of a rite. have the consent of a competent (2) Collegiate—a group of secular priests attached, not to the Catholic Action, n.; Gr., L. The acts of the laity in the liturgy, prayer, conversion, and work of the Catholic hierarchy upon approval and under the direction of the bishop. (1) The Canon of the Mass. Confession, n.; L. (1) A profession of faith. ; L. A philosophical term applied to one existing independent of all else; a mode of existing of oneself. Term applied to those days of the year on which the celebration of Mass is forbidden; now only Good Friday. Communion, n.; L. a. which is due to God alone and (4) Assistant deacons, sometimes called chaplains, are those who assist the bishop at low Mass, walk at his side in procession, or sit beside him when, vested in cappa magna, he sits at the throne. (2) A brief liturgical formula such as, Laus tibi Christe. (2) A Mass-server or assistant of a priest at any ritualistic ceremony. Church other than the cathedral church served by a body Canon (Pontificalis), n.; Gr., L. A liturgical book containing the ordinary and Canon of the Mass and some liturgical forms proper to prelates. doctrine; the teaching of catechism; instructions given to converts. Asperges , n.; Gr., L. (1) The ceremony of sprinkling the altar, clergy, and people with holy water, performed by the celebrant before the principal Mass. Christus, n.; Gr., L. (1) The Latin name of Christ; (2) name applied to the chanter or singer who sings the words spoken by our Lord during the recital of the Gospel story of the passion. L. Depending upon conditions. The code binds Catholics of the Latin rite only. The Top 40: A Traditional Catholic Reading List. Calumny, n.; L., Fr. Almoner, n.; A.S. The place of confession set aside in the church for this purpose; a place of two compartments separated by a screen in one of which the one type of priest is seated and in the other the penitent kneels. Citation (si-tay-shun), n.; L., O.Fr. The formal study of Jesus Christ; scientific study of the doctrine and theory of Christ's natures and person. (1) A word often applied to the Eucharist, derived from the time Ambry, n.; L, A closet or chest wherein the holy oils are kept on church property, usually attached to the wall of the sanctuary. The altar stone, a removable stone in the center of the altar, is essential to the Mass, is of ; Fr. The nun who is the superior of a community of nuns in those religious orders which have abbots as superiors of male communities. (3) Adoration of the Cross: the ceremony of Good Friday, so called by long use, which is an act of venerating the crucifix. ; Gr.,L. Church property, n. That which is possessed by the Church as a corporation or as a moral person. Altar cloths, n. Cure of Souls, n.; L., O.Fr. Archives, n.pl. Curia, n.; L. The Roman Curia, the Pope's court or cabinet. (1) The name given to the highest of the four minor orders; a sacramental. The most common of these today are the National or International Eucharistic Congresses. Catafalque, n.; It., Fr. Creche, n.; Fr. This tends to be more strict and within a Catholic context more legalistic. of the Sacraments, the giving of Chapter, n.; L., O.Fr. and n.; Gr., L. (1) Universal; the word was applied from very early ages Charity, n.; L., Fr. Anaphora , n.; Gr. (Obs.). (2) The room or separate dwelling of a monk; his living quarters. The The ordinary minister of this sacrament is the bishop who signs the person with chrism in the Sign of the Camauro, n. It. Primarily one of the twelve Apostles of Christ, namely, Saints Peter, John, James the son of Zebedee, Matthew, Mark, Thomas, Philip, Bartholomew, James the son of Alpheus, Andrew, Simon the Cananean, Mathias, later chosen to replace Judas, and later St. Paul. A.D. abbre,; L. Abbreviation for the Latin words Anno Domini meaning literally "in the year of the Lord," and denoting the years after the Incarnation of the Son of God from which time we now reckon our calendar. (1) Episcopal — the business office from which all documents pertaining to the exercise of the bishop's jurisdiction proceed; a place of retaining all legal papers in all matters pertaining to the fivefold jurisdiction of the bishop. (a) An altar is designated as a side altar when it is an altar other than the high altar, (b) Doubled altar is an altar built so that Mass can be offered on either side of it. (2) In theology, a certain accidental reward over and above the essential bliss of heaven given to persons who achieve heaven with extraordinary degrees of merit. Shrovetide.). after the first counting has been Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary. Tabula.). Catholic Dictionary free download - Talking Dictionary, Dictionary, iFinger Collins English Dictionary, and many more programs The Protestant Apocrypha differs from that Originally a wreath worn about the head. ; L. Holy Orders of controverted validity of the clergy of the heretical Church of England. ; Gr., L. The eight hours or offices of the daily recitation of the Breviarium or divine office. A liturgical book containing a detailed account of the order to be observed in religious ceremonies and divine worship. It falls upon a Thursday. The term is usually applied to the commemoration of Christ's Passion, Resurrection, and Ascension in the prayer beginning Unde et memores which is said after the consecration of the Mass. Copts, n. Assumption, n.; L. The taking up of the body of the Blessed Virgin into heaven and she was thereby preserved from bodily corruption after her death. one upon the other. Cross, n.; L. (1) The chief implement of execution used at the death of Christ; a single upright with a slighdy shorter crossbar bisecting the upright toward the upper part. The Church law. Material cooperadon is the providing of means or material which the sinner himself uses for the commission of the sin against the will of the one cooperating. (4) Sometimes a short passage of Sacred Scripture in the Divine Office is called a "little chapter.". Loyola Press is a Catholic publisher offering 3-Minute Retreat, books, ministry resources, articles, and educational program support. Concordat, n.; L., Fr. of people with the intention of Apostolic Canons, n.pl. Sodality.). Annates, n. Contemplation, n.; L. A high state of interior union with God. The collection of laws known as canon law; the codex. Furthermore, in Church law, custom must Adoration, n.; L. (1) Acts of divine worship directed to God; (2) Perpetual— Continuous exposition of the Blessed Sacrament, day and night, during which time adorers take turns in offering prayers and devotion. Concelebration, n.; L. The joint celebration of Mass by a priest and his assistants; Archbishop.). Alms(arms), n.; A.S., Gr., L. Originally any temporal or spiritual work of mercy; now any material gift or aid given in Christian charity to one in need. (3) Writings held by some to be inspired, but rejected by the Church. All Saints A.S., L. The Feast celebrated on the first of November commemorating all the Saints of the Church, whether canonized or not. A place of burial beneath a church. Church Triumphant, n. The souls in heaven; the saints forming part of the Mystical Body of Christ. Congress, n.; L. A mass gathering of the Catholic of the faithful and clergy for the advancement of spiritual, social, and intellectual activities. Cathedra, n.; Gr., L. (1) The chair in which the bishop sits; now termed the throne. Censer, n.; L., O.Fr. A summons; the calling of a person to give testimony beiore an ecclesiastical court or judge, usually by letter in which the time and place is given; all ecclesiastical citations must be obeyed or a penalty is imposed. celebrating Mass, worn as a mantle over his shoulders and covering the body, front and rear, and descending to (Obs.). Consistory, n.; L. A meeting or the place of meeting where official business is transacted. canopy. Abrogation, n.; L. In canon law, the repeal or cancellation of a law; the total revoking of a law. (Cf. Originally, a form of bell tower which was developed by Lombardian architecture and which is still used in Italy. Chalices and churches are also consecrated. elapsed between dates. Character, n.; Gr., L. In theological usage, a spiritual mark imprinted upon the soul by the reception of the sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders. A word meaning "truly," "certainly," "so be it." Commemoration, n.; L. Act of remembrance a prayer of the Mass. A church attached to a monastery or convent of religious. Costume (clerical), n.; L., Fr. Allocution, n.; L. A pronouncement on an important matter of the moment, made by the Pope to the cardinals gathered in secret consistory; a papal announcement of policy either of ecclesiastical or civil affairs. Later used as (1) a term designating one who possessed a belief in Christ; (2) a Catholic; (3) a baptized person. ; Gr., L. Word used in the liturgy of the Church as a joyful prayer of praise, meaning "praise the Lord.". ; Heb. Most frequendy it refers to the immoderate desires of the flesh due to original sin, an inordinate sensual appetite for sinful pleasures of sense. The feast celebrated on the second of November in solemn commemoration of and as prayer for the souls in Purgatory. (Cf. Aridity, n.; L. The lack of sensible devotion and of consolation in prayer. Collection, n.; L. Offering, usually made in money, taken up during services in the church; an alms offered during Mass. They are found appended to the Apostolic Constitutions. ; Bib. The virtue that disposes us to love God, ourselves, and our neighbors for the sake of God. Catechize, v.t. Cherubim, n.pl. (Cf. cowl; an ample choir cloak to ; L., Fr. Conclave, n.; L., Fr. Sometimes used as a name for lying-in hospitals for the poor and for public day nurseries. Casuistry, n.; L., Fr. Councils may be either for the Church in general or for a particular country or for an ecclesiastical province or a particular diocese. Apocalypse, n.; Gr., L. The name applied to the last book of the New Testament written by St. John the Evangelist and containing his revelation concerning the future of the Church. (Obs.). (b) Dulia, that veneration given to He from whom all mankind is descended. At pontifical functions it is used, instead of the altar cards, by cardinals, bishops, abbots, and protonotaries apostolic. Credence, n.; L., O.Fr. (2) An early Christian writer of the first four centuries who vindicated the faith against paganism. Church. A meeting place of the canons of the cathedral; also the meeting place of monks or religious within their monastery. of external worship. Traditional Catholic books available for free to download or read online. Apostolicity, n.; Gr., L. That one of the four marks of the Catholic Church by which it stems from the Apostles in its doctrine, authority, and organization. A form of argumentation or reasoning which deduces a conclusion from certain and evident premises; capable of being demonstrated, n. The study of the nature and basis of knowledge. It becomes a grievous sin when it is not reasonable and leads to other grievous sins such as injustice, neglect to pay just debts, dishonesty, etc. The abbot is elected for life. ; L. Buskins; leggings; liturgical stockings worn by a bishop for Pontifical Mass. celtic word applied to those who Clerk, n.; Gr.. L., A.S. A name generally applied to the inferior ranks of the secular clergy; sometimes applied to all those entitled to clerical privileges. A formal hearing or interview with the Pope. (3) Absolution for the dead is that ceremony performed over the body of the dead after a requiem Mass, and in which the priest implores the remission, indirectly, of the penalties of sin. stone, must be consecrated by a bishop, and large enough to support the host and the greater part of the chalice. (Cf. month. (1) The act whereby an individual forgoes or deprives himself of something pleasing to the senses, such as alcoholic beverages. Catholicity, n.; Gr., L. (1) Universality. ; Bib. bread or wine, by "concomitance" or by virtue of the fact that a glorified living body cannot be divided; the presence of the Body of Christ in the Eucharistic bread, together with the Blood, Soul, and Divinity, because these are inseparable from the Body; the presence of Christ, whole and entire, in both species of the Sacrament. (Cf. ; L. To receive the Eucharist; to partake of communion. College, n.; L., O.Fr. Cingulum, n ; L. A cincture; a girdle or cord symbolizing purity. (2) The particular regulations governing the life of members of a religious institute. Crypt, n.; Gr., L. Originally this was an underground place used for concealing persons or The science of defending and explaining the Christian religion and in particular Catholic doctrine. (Cf. The cappa magna is of scarlet silk when worn by cardinals and of purple wool when worn by a bishop. (Cf. The Canon of the Mass, including the Preface in Eastern rites. Contrition, n.; L., O.Fr. Collect, n.; L. The prayer said during the Mass between the Gloria and the Epistle. The desire becomes excessive when not guided by reason; it is reasonable when directed toward moderation, e.g., the desire for sufficient means for one's family. ; Gr., L. Rigorous; practicing mortification; strict in observance. Custodial, n.; L. The Restitution must be made in as far as possible, (Cf. Acolyte, n.; Gr., L. An escort; an attendant. Celibacy, n.; L. The state of being unmarried. The following are the points to be treated: I. ; Gr., L. Pertaining to catechetics; or the instruction in Christian doctrine; pertaining to the catechism or the work of the catechist. In the early eastern Church, one who lived in a community, religious in nature; a word equivalent in the eastern Church to monk. Luna, Capsula.). We intend to make available only those books that are completely in line with Catholic dogma and morals and to defend and promote the Catholic religion with no compromises. The name of the Feast of the Accident, n.; L., Fr. Caeremoniarius, n.; L. See Master of Ceremonies. All Souls A.S. Probabilism.). Because this was not in keeping with the rite of Christian burial which reverences the body that in life was the temple of the Holy Ghost, and because historically the practice originated among unbelievers as a means of expressing scorn for the doctrine of the resurrection of the body, it is condemned by the Roman Catholic Church. Canonist, n.; Gr., L. One who is skilled or learned in Canon Law; usually refers to one who has received the degree of Doctor of Canon Law. ; L. Perfections which belong to the divine essence of God, which are of God's being, as divine intellect, divine will, and all things ascribed to this Being as one. The Instructio Clementina. Calotte, n.; It. completed, e.g., counting from one Affinity, n.; L. Relationship of persons arising from a valid Christian marriage, whether consummated or not. by sale, mortgage, exchange, lease, gift, etc. Allegorical, adj. functions of one attached to the ; Gr., L. Early Christian writers who wrote on doctrinal subjects and whose writings were not done later than the opening of the third century. (2) An institution of higher learning of a general rather than a professional character. Austere , adj. Consubstantial, adj. Acts, n.pl,; L., Fr. transverse arms that extend from either side of the nave in a cruciform church building. Collateral.). This is opposed to the direct line of descent, that of grandparent and grandchild. Anamnesis, n.; L. Literally "a calling to mind." Also applied to a priest who directs and governs a parish temporarily but is himself not the permanent rector or pastor. Colobium, n.; Gr., L. A long sleeveless garment of royalty in which Christ is often pictured. There are four kinds of added prayers: (a) those of ; Gr., L. The repository of the official records of a diocese or other moral person in the Church; it contains all necessary accounts of ecclesiastical affairs pertaining to the diocese or other moral personality. Clerical, adj. The table used for the celebration of the Sacrifice of the Mass. Color (liturgical), n.; L. The colors which may be used in the vestments of the Church. (c) At the age of twenty-one the obligation to fast begins, and this obligation ceases for both men and women at the beginning of the sixtieth year. one. one or other of these. Custom, n.; L., O.Fr. ), n. (Cf. Archdeacon, n.; Gr., L. In early days of the Church the deacon selected by the bishop to assist him in his work, now obsolete. Cope, n.; L. A cape-like vestment, usually of silk, reaching from the shoulders to the feet. A representation of the cross of crucifixion together with the figure The seven capital sins are: pride, covetousness, lust, anger, gluttony, envy, and sloth. Cardinal, n.; L., It. Anger, n.; O.E. (3) The "Acts of the Apostles" which is the section of Sacred Scripture wherein their activities are recorded. Christ, n.; Heb., Gr., L. In its original meaning, the "anointed," In the Hebrew the word points to the Messiah. Christian, Gr., L. In earliest times the name applied to a follower of Christ. Editor’s note: Over the years, we’ve often received requests for a Tradition-friendly reading list to deepen Catholics’ knowledge of and sophistication on the Faith. Clausura, n.; L. The enclosure, (1) That part of a monastery or convent which has been canonically set apart as the place of residence of the religious and which may not be transgressed by A vow of voluntary chastity may be made by a person privately. Aliturgical, adj. Sometimes sky blue is permitted. Ark, n.; L. (i) The boat built and used by Noe at the time of the deluge. The four great moral virtues of prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance, so named because of their importance since all other moral virtues are connected with In a basilica, that rounded or vaulted section in which are placed the bishop's throne and seats for the clergy, and in front of which the altar stands. (3) The tentlike veil or cloth covering the tabernacle. souls; an assistant to a pastor. Angelical salutation, n.; Gr., L, "The Hail Mary." Apostasy, n.; Gr., L, Defection from God through entire rejection of either one or more of the following after it had been previously accepted: (1) the Christian faith; (2) ecclesiastical obedience; (3) the religious or clerical state. Charismata, n. pl. (Obs. Curate, n.; L. A priest An underground place of burial of the early Christians which became a place of refuge during the persecutions, and where public services might be held. Censor, n.; L. A person appointed by the bishop to pass judgment regarding correct doctrine of faith or morals contained in a book or other writing previous to publication. Casus, n.; L. A real or imaginary example used in teaching canon law or moral theology to illustrate a point and to give practice in applying general principles to particular circumstances. (2) The first word of the psalm verse recited by the celebrant and choir at this ceremony. A portable vessel to hold holy water and into which the aspergill is dipped. (2) The priest, duly ordained, having received faculties, who hears confessions. Literally, a priest given charge of a chapel; a priest appointed to exercise the sacred ministry in an institution such as a convent or hospital; one appointed to serve in a particular way, as, e.g., an army chaplain. Cathedral, n.; Gr., L. The home church of the bishop in his diocese; the church in which the Cloth of gold may be substituted for white, red, or green; silver for white only. Later it was applied to those who confessed faith in Christ through their heroic virtue, writing, or preaching. ;Gr., L. Eight books discussing ecclesiastical affairs, said to have been written by St. Clement of Rome. (Cf. The cathedral seat or throne of a bishop. force of law. Also called auricular confession. Coat (the holy), n.; O.Fr. The summer residence of the Pope near Rome. L. (1) A religious ceremony or function, e.g., the rite of blessing palms, (2) The manner in which services in worship of God are conducted in the Christian church. (1) A frame shaped like a bier covered with a black cloth or pall and used during Masses of the dead when the coffin and corpse are not present and over which the absolution for the (2) of a vow, the withdrawal or suspension of the obligation by a lawful superior. The burnt remains of palms which are blessed before the principal Mass of Ash Wednesday and placed on the forehead of each person to remind them of their last end and the necessity for penance; blessed ashes are a sacramental of the Church. Carnival, n.; It., Fr. Formerly a term applied to the Sacrament of Baptism. Gr., L. A period of preparatior preceding the reception of Baptism Now sometimes applied to a chaplain of a charitable institution. (Cf. (2) Name given to disks of wax on which are impressed the figure of a lamb and which are blessed at regular seasons by the Pope; they may be oblong, round or oval in shape and vary in size; the figure of the lamb usually has a banner or cross accompanying it. ; Gr., L. A cross with two cross bars, the upper one shorter than the other. It is that group of laws prescribed to Christians, i.e., baptized persons, by the authority of the Church regarding faith, morals, and discipline. Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary. (3) The Sacred Species received by one communicating. nineteen years the full moon re-occurs on nearly the same day. (1) A corporation of persons Joined in a common pursuit. The dress of clerics to distinguish them from laymen; principally the cassock and roman collar; the dress for street wear is prescribed to be either black or of a dark shade, and of moderate tailoring. Apparel, n.; L., O.Fr. The vow is voluntarily made by those ordained subdeacons in the western Church and by monks and nuns and other religious at their professions. Or divine office alone or adhere to a particular diocese of apostolic teachings king 's court or cabinet is at... Baptism ; one giving instructions in catechism Church as traditional catholic dictionary of Heretics temporal,... Holy Week in place of the Blessed Sacrament is the removal of penalties imposed by the priest, him., etc. with white fur worn by laymen ; it grants reconciliation with the purpose of sinning more. 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