[45], The proportion of New Zealand's area (excluding estuaries) covered by rivers, lakes and ponds, based on figures from the New Zealand Land Cover Database, is (357526 + 81936) / (26821559 – 92499–26033 – 19216) = 1.6%. New Zealand is located in the South Pacific Ocean at 41°S 174°E / 41°S 174°E , near the centre of the water hemisphere. [52], The UV index can be very high and extreme in the hottest times of the year in the north of the North Island. Jacinda Ardern says New Zealand has bought so many COVID-19 vaccines that it will give free doses to neighbouring countries Joshua Zitser … New Zealand (Māori: Aotearoa) is an island country located in the south-western Pacific Ocean, near the centre of the water hemisphere. Ruapehu's major eruptions have historically been about 50 years apart,[36] in 1895, 1945 and 1995–1996. [73] In addition to pastoral farming, fisherman harvest mussels, oysters and salmon, and horticulture farmers grow kiwifruit, as well as peaches, nectarines, etc. The Waikato, flowing through the North Island, is the New Zealand's longest river, with a length of 425 kilometres (264 mi). For each country or territory, the number and identity of other countries and territories that neighbor it … [46], The mountainous areas of the North Island are cut by many rivers, many of which are swift and unnavigable. Bluff is Invercargill's port, located near the southern tip of the South Island, below the 46th parallel south. [27] New Zealand's capital city, Wellington, is situated in the centre of this region. This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/. [80], Flooding is the most regular natural hazard. [95] Conservationists recognised that threatened bird populations could be saved on offshore islands, where, once predators were exterminated, bird life flourished again. [98], Massive deforestation occurred after humans arrived,[99] with around half the forest cover lost to fire after Polynesian settlement. All about farming in New Zealand", "Measuring New Zealand's Progress Using a Sustainable Development Approach: 2008", "Hopes nationwide release of K5 rabbit virus will kill more than 40% of the population", "Why NZ is releasing a rabbit-killing virus", "Climate Change: Likely Impacts on New Zealand Agriculture", "Floods – New Zealand's number one hazard", "Christchurch Quake Map – Earthquakes since September 4 2010", "Christchurch earthquake kills 185: 22 February 2011", "Extinctions – New Zealand extinctions since human arrival", "The Polynesian settlement of New Zealand in relation to environmental and biotic changes", The state of New Zealand’s environment 1997, "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", "This Dreamy Destination Continues to Inspire Fantasy Writers", "The country that keeps getting left off maps", "New Zealand keeps getting left off world maps – and Kiwis aren't happy", "Why Is New Zealand So Often Left Off World Maps? There are 18 peaks of more than 3,000 metres (9,800 feet) in the Southern Alps, which stretch for 500 kilometres (310 mi) down the South Island. [24] The associated geothermal energy from this volcanic area is used in numerous hydrothermal power plants. Fresh water quality is under pressure from agriculture, hydropower, urban development, pest invasions and climate change,[103] although much of the country's household and industrial waste is now increasingly filtered and sometimes recycled. The plate boundary forms the nearly 800 kilometres (500 mi) long Alpine Fault. [101] New Zealand had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 7.12/10, ranking it 55th globally out of 172 countries.[102]. New Zealand has three World Heritage Sites,[104] 13 national parks, 34 marine reserves, and thousands of scenic, historic, recreation and other reserves. The ranges include Tararua and Kaimanawa. We accept no liability for the content of external linked websites. New Zealand, Maori Aotearoa, island country in the South Pacific Ocean, the southwesternmost part of Polynesia.New Zealand is a remote land—one of the last sizable territories suitable for habitation to be populated and settled—and lies more than 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Australia, its nearest neighbour. New Zealand is party to several multilateral environmental agreements. As cave systems take many thousands of years to develop they can now be isolated from the water that formed them, whether through change in sea level or groundwater flow. It passes directly under many settlements on the West Coast of the South Island and shaking from a rupture would likely affect many cities and towns throughout the country. [28], The main geographic factors that influence New Zealand's climate are the temperate latitude, with prevailing westerly winds; the oceanic environment; and the mountains, especially the Southern Alps. [11] The North Island has many isolated volcanic peaks. This earthquake generated more than 6 metres (20 ft) of vertical uplift in places, and caused a localised tsunami. The virus has become a subject of debate among animal rights activists, due to the inhumane manner in which it kills the rabbits. This process has led to a distinct distribution of culture across New Zealand. In no event shall we be liable for any loss or damage, indirect or consequential loss or damage, or any loss or damage whatsoever arising from loss of data or profits arising out of, or in connection with, the use of this website. The climate is mostly temperate with mean temperatures ranging from 8 °C (46 °F) in the South Island to 16 °C (61 °F) in the North Island. Some of these, such as the main islands (North and South), Stewart Island, New Caledonia, and the Chatham Islands, are settled. In the 2010s, warm winters did not provide the adequate cool temperatures needed for the flowering of kiwifruit, and this resulted in a reduction of the yield sizes. About 58 percent of New Zealand's electricity was hydroelectric in 2002. 10 millimetres (0.39 in) per year). [91][92] Evergreens such as the giant kauri and southern beech dominate the forests. Christchurch is the driest city, receiving about 640 mm (25 in) of rain PA, while Hamilton is the wettest, receiving more than twice that amount at 1,325 mm (52.2 in) PA, followed closely by Auckland. It is separated from the South Island by the Cook Strait, with the shortest distance being 23 kilometres (14 mi). These caves are found where there are relatively recent basaltic volcanoes in New Zealand, such as the Auckland Volcanic Field particularly on Rangitoto, Mount Eden and Matukutururu. The table below lists climate normals for the warmest and coldest months in New Zealand's six largest cities. Regional authorities are primarily responsible for environmental resource management, land management, regional transport, and biosecurity and pest management. [68][69] This has also occurred with more recent immigration, with a wide variety of accents being common in larger cities where immigrant groups have preferentially settled. It has no land boundaries with any other countries. There are 3,820 lakes with a surface area larger than one hectare. The wettest area by far is the rugged Fiordland region, in the south-west of the South Island, which has between 5,000 and 8,000 mm (200 and 310 in) of rain PA, with up to 15,000 mm in isolated valleys, amongst the highest recorded rainfalls in the world. The two main islands by size are the North Island (or Te Ika-a-Māui) and the South Island (or Te Waipounamu), separated by the Cook Strait. A relatively small proportion of New Zealand's land is arable (1.76 percent), and permanent crops cover 0.27 percent of the land. [15], The phrase "From Cape Reinga to The Bluff" is frequently used within New Zealand to refer to the extent of the whole country. The east of the South Island is marked by wide, braided rivers such as the Wairau, Waimakariri and Rangitātā; formed from glaciers, they fan out into many strands on gravel plains. [88] Fire bans exist in some areas in summer. [1] New Zealand is the sixth-largest island country in the world, with a land size of 267,710 km2 (103,360 sq mi).[2]. [89], New Zealand's geographic isolation for 80 million years[90] and island biogeography has influenced evolution of the country's species of animals, fungi and plants. The vast majority of New Zealand's population lives on the North and South Islands. To the east of the North Island the Pacific Plate is forced under the Indo-Australian Plate. experiences around 14,000 earthquakes a year, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994, Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, "Natural environment – Geography and geology", "Natural environment – The bush and its plants", "Antipodes Map – Tunnel to the other side of the world", "New Zealand phylogeography: evolution on a small continent", "Sea floor geology – Active plate boundaries", Existing and Potential Geothermal Resource for Electricity Generation, "Rotorua Geothermal Sites – Geothermal Sites in Rotorua New Zealand", "Quaternary andesitic volcanism at the Solander Islands", "Southland region – Geology and landforms", "Things to see and do in Waitomo Caves, New Zealand", "Te Anau Glowworm Caves: Explore Te Anau's unique glowworm caves", "The lava caves hidden beneath suburban Auckland", "Limestone country - Other karst features", "NZ Outlying Islands Regional Information & Travel Information", "Population density – Country Comparison", "Election shows rural-urban divide shrinking, not growing", The Social Report 2016 – Te pūrongo oranga tangata, "Warning minority dialects could be lost", "What is the Southland accent? Australia's neighbouring countries Home New Zealand Indonesia Papua New Guinea Fiji Blog Teacher's page Part 1 Watch the below video on New Zealand. Much of the surviving forest is located in this belt, and in other mountain areas and rolling hills. [94] Around 30 bird species are currently listed as endangered or critically endangered. This is partly due to the country's relatively little air pollution compared to many other countries and the high sunshine hours. Other smaller islands are eco-sanctuaries with carefully controlled access. [60] Auckland is also the fastest growing region, accounting for 51 percent of New Zealand's total population growth (in the two decades up to 2016). This area has significant uplift and many active faults; large earthquakes are frequent occurrences here. 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