According to Iago, "Who steals my purse steals trash" because money doesn't compare to honor; honor can only belong to a specific person, whereas money doesn't change based on who possesses it. The handkerchief is a symbol of Othello and Desdemona's love. Updated: 12/22/2020. Othello's anxiety, though unfair, is understandable. That Desdemona characterizes her relationship to Othello in this way indicates the level of power she commands in both her marriage and the political sphere. Othello refers to himself as an “excellent wretch,” an oxymoron that characterizes his status as a foolish, out-of-control lover. A cuckolded man (a man whose wife is cheating on him) faced both social humiliation and ruined credit. Summary: Act III, scene i. Got it. Act 3, Scene 3 Professor Bradley Greenburg of Northeastern Illinois University provides an in-depth summary and analysis of Act 3, Scene 3 of William Shakespeare's play Othello. Abbreviations. From Othello’s perspective, Desdemona may be stressing the urgency of the case out of her feelings for Cassio. Act 3, Scene 3 of Shakespeare's OTHELLO, with notes, line numbers and search function. Synopsis: Desdemona’s interview with Cassio is cut short by the arrival of Othello. Othello makes reference to “the rack,” an infamous medieval torture device which stretches the prisoner’s limbs in opposite directions. Desdemona decides that she wants to advocate for Cassio. The garden of the castle. Othello's exasperation with Iago's further supports that Othello has already become suspicious. Othello agrees to her but he has started doubting her. Desdemona tells Cassio that she will do everything she can to have him reinstated as lieutenant, and will not stop pleading for him until he is restored. Othello makes a subtle reference to the cuckold’s horns. Actually understand Othello Act 3, Scene 3. Emilia says that Cassio’s situation is upsetting her husband so much that it’s as if … Othello's sudden curtness to Desdemona may indicate that he is already suspicious of her, just from seeing Cassio rush away. Act One Scene 3 of William Shakespeare's Othello 1009 Words | 5 Pages. Brabantio has remarked time and again that Desdemona’s love for Othello is an aberration from nature. Iago introduces the idea that Othello may have something to be jealous about which plants a seed of doubt in his mind. In an intriguing double metaphor, Othello characterizes Desdemona’s shift in reputation as a change in her face’s complexion. Othello Act 3 Scene 3 Lyrics. Iago knows this well and capitalizes on it. Desdemona believing in her husband’s goodness assures Cassio regarding his problem. Renaissance men often suspected their wives of adultery because of the stigma around being a "cuckold." As Othello arrives, Cassio leaves because he is too ashamed to face him. When Iago beseeches Othello to let Desdemona live, he may be employing his often-used tactic of reverse psychology. Desdemona stresses the immediacy of Cassio’s case because of Cassio’s fears that Othello might leave him behind entirely after too long. In saying this, Othello calls him back and says he should tell him everything. This exchange between Cassio and Desdemona places Desdemona in a higher tier of importance than Othello. As the scene draws to a close, Othello agrees to the plot Iago has devised. Act 3 Scene 3 . Shakespeare was not the only Renaissance Englishman to pair colors with emotions or personal qualities, though he is the first we know of to do so in print. (Desdemona; Cassio; Emilia; Othello; Iago) Desdemona assures Cassio she will do all she can for him. Read Act 3, Scene 3 of Shakespeare's Othello, side-by-side with a translation into Modern English. He seeks to eliminate the uncertainty by getting proof—by seeing reality. (including. Now her face is as “black” as Othello’s, an image that draws again on the play’s complicated association between racial blackness and moral blackness. Othello’s self-awareness in this passage is fascinating. On one level, Iago speaks of himself hypothetically. View This Storyboard as a Slide Show! Explanatory Notes for Act 3, Scene 3. Part of him wishes to let her fly free and do as she wishes. He believes that she has robbed him of his manhood, so he feels he must destroy her. Emilia's making a copy of the handkerchief echoes her husband's diligently producing illusions. Teachers and parents! Othello sees a group of men approaching hem, and Iago thinks that’s Brabantio and his followers, so he suggests Othello to leave. Thou told'st me thou didst hold him in thy hate. Othello thinks of the racial divide between Desdemona and himself. Yet again, Iago is most deceitful precisely in the moments in which he pretends to be most moderate. Iago cleverly employs personification here, identifying not Cassio as the foe but rather jealousy itself. Othello offers a dense metaphor for his rage. Iago fuels Othello’s concerns, claiming that nature’s course would guide Desdemona to choose someone of the same clime—or social status—and race. He expresses his concern that his reputation would be ruined should he freely give his thoughts away. Notice also that Othello immediately thinks of killing Desdemona. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Othello, Act 3, Scene 4. Othello asks Iago to send some letters to the Senate and then orders the Gentlemen to show him a fort. The third act begins with a bit of comic relief; a clown is mincing words with a few musicians, then has a little wordplay with Cassio, who bids the clown to go and see if Desdemona will speak with him. For her part, Desdemona insists on her obedience to him as a virtuous wife. Othello can no longer enjoy the "pomp, and circumstance" of his occupation because he believes he has been cuckolded (betrayed by his adulterous wife). What does this symbolize? Othello | Act 3, Scene 3 | … Desdemona’s case for reinstating Cassio is that his crime is one of ignorance, not cunning. In a reiteration of the theme of emotion versus reason, Othello uses reason to suppress any potential flarings of emotion. Othello, however, interprets Cassio's dream as a "foregone conclusion" that Desdemona betrayed him. Desdemona, Cassio and Emilia are talking in the garden of the castle. The audience, of course, knows well which line of thinking is accurate. Jove, king of the gods in Roman mythology and known as Zeus in Greek, ruled the sky and heavens. Learn more. Iago once again manages to plant a seed of doubt in another person's mind without seeming to mean to. However, his words and shifts are carefully calculated to inspire jealousy. Cassio's Dream When Othello asks for proof that Desdemona's been disloyal, Iago tells him about a dream that Cassio supposedly had one night while he was lying in bed next to Iago. Iago acts as if he was sorry that he ever told Othello about it. Examine the importance of Act 3: Scene 3 of Othello, considering its significance in terms of plot, character, theme and dramatic power Essay April 11, 2019 June 14, 2020 admin Marriage Othello is a play about a black ‘noble moor’ who has an ideal marriage. She promises to help him. Snatching the handkerchief, Iago retains exclusive control over "directing" the unfolding jealousy of Othello. For the first time in the play, Othello directs his anger towards Iago, calling him “villain.” It is a shallow label; Othello does not understand the depths of Iago’s villainy. Iago enters, and Cassio tells him that he means to speak to Desdemona, so that she may clear things up with Othello. He characterizes his vengeance as “black,” drawing upon both racial and moral connotations. "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." Othello expresses his internal shift from love to hate. Act 3, Scene 3 Cassio has explained the whole situation to Desdemona, and she promises to not rest until she's convinced Othello to reinstate Cassio as his lieutenant and renew their friendship. Othello uses a falconry metaphor to explain his torn feelings for Desdemona. Struggling with distance learning? Argue for a staging that would communicate to an audience one theme that you see in the play. Students love them!”. Literary Analysis : Othello Act 3 Scene 3 Rhetorical and Literary Devices By: Kathy, Melinda, Kyle and Anthony line 93-94 & 100-107 line 374 Leading Questions: Timeline Anticipations are reached and manipulations of Iago's plan unfold without this scene the play and plot would be The planting of the handkerchief, which Othello dropped, in Cassio's room shows how jealousy produces the effect it fears. However, the people who come is his … Notice that it is Othello, now jealous, who says it is too small and lets it fall. Othello here states that the uncertainty of jealousy is actually worse than the possible crime, and expressly connects his worrying with the loss of military glory, of honor and manhood. Her method of argument is fascinating because it contains an unseen irony: the qualities she brings up are those which separate Cassio and Iago. Cassio, the ignorant one, is condemned. “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. Iago once again plants seeds of doubt while making himself look innocent by airing his suspicions and then arguing that they can't possibly be true. Iago responds to Othello's demand for visible proof with the most circumstantial, unverifiable evidence. SCENE 3. Act 3 Scene 2 . Othello returns to Iago, and continues to flare his jealousy. "Pomp, and circumstance" are the glories and ceremonies of warfare. Othello is no longer as sure as he was of Desdemona's fidelity, for he ponders on the possibility of " . In Elizabethan times, to be a cuckold was a severe embarrassment. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.”, “Every teacher of literature should use these translations. He claims that his thoughts about Cassio might be unnecessarily upsetting. In this case, “strangeness” means “estrangement.” In other words, even though Othello has distanced himself Cassio, the distance is short because of the history the two men share. "Men should be what they seem, or those that be not, would they might seem not" (III.iii.126-127) "My lord, you know I love you" (III.iii.117) As Othello says, “[T]o be once in doubt / Is once to be resolved” (III.iii. In Shakespeare's time, a vale (which is a broad, flat valley) was often used as a metaphor for the span of life between the peaks of life and death. He has become lieutenant, and destroyed Othello's sense of his own honor in the process. In act 3, scene 3, Iago poisons Othello's mind, insinuating that Desdemona's been cheating on him with Michael Cassio. Scene 3. Othello wishes to know the “horrible conceit” about Cassio that Iago has “shut up in [his] brain.” In truth, the horrible conceit in Iago’s brain is a much deeper one than Cassio’s fictional adultery. Cyprus. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Othello insists that only the collapse of form and order (chaos) would cause him to fall out of love with his wife, Desdemona. Othello here states that the uncertainty of jealousy is actually worse than the possible crime, and expressly connects his worrying with the loss of military glory, of honor and manhood. Iago’s tactic is meant to cultivate Othello’s doubts about Cassio without behaving as if he intends to do so. Copy. Such harsh consequences led to frequent paranoia, also called horn-madness because of the metaphorical horns that supposedly sprout from the cuckold's brow. Like What You See? The reflexive pronoun construction "their own" refers to "their own eyes," which is to say that no one, aside from them, will be able to catch them. In Act III, Scene iii of Othello, Shakespeare portrays Iago using Ethos to persuade Othello that his wife has been cheating on him. All the while, Iago builds Othello’s anticipation. All my abilities in thy behalf. Desdemona promises to take up Cassio’s cause and to torment Othello about it incessantly. In an effort to win Othello’s good graces, Cassio sends musicians to play music beneath the general’s window. According to Iago, Cassio talked in his sleep while dreaming about Desdemona. It is the green-eyed monster which doth mock The meat it feeds on; (3.3.195-197) Iago’s pretty good at manipulating Othello, don’t you think? In this exchange, Iago evokes what psychologists refer to as “confirmation bias.” After planting doubt in Othello’s mind, Iago compels him to look for evidence, knowing that he will find further grounds for jealousy even where they do not exist. Green and yellow are both emblematic of jealousy, so jealousy is a "green-eyed monster." Be thou assured, good Cassio, I will do. . The growth of jealousy based on nonexistent evidence becomes one of the play’s central themes. Instant downloads of all 1386 LitChart PDFs Iago continues to strive to produce the effects of honesty. Even full knowledge of the situation is manageable by comparison. He then pretends not to have reasons for distrusting Cassio. And Othello, overcome by jealousy, accepts it. Storyboard Text . But Othello denied because he thinks his perfect is the best justify for himself. Iago understands that Cassio spoke to Desdemona about his reinstatement. Iago argues that the fortunate man knows his wife is adulterous, while the unfortunate man is plagued by the anxiety of unconfirmed suspicion. Iago, who hast had my purse as if the strings were thine, shouldst know of this. And, once again, he follows a moment of backing off with an insinuation calculated to drive Othello still madder with jealousy—all carefully staged. Start studying Othello Act 3, Scene 3 quotes. Othello sends his servant, a clown, or peasant, to tell the musicians to go away. Not only does she claim to have the power to reinstate Cassio, Cassio himself pledges to be her servant, not Othello’s. -Graham S. 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