Amaranth is a herbaceous plant or shrub that is either annual or perennial across the genus. Copyright@2018 FarmLINK Kenya - Connecting Farmers in Kenya. Langat kiptoo- Student at University of Eldoret, Fertilizer Application & Management In crops. Amaranth is an indigenous plant known for its leafy vegetables and grain. Generally it takes 7 to 8 weeks to mature. Amaranth is propagated as vegetable amaranth, grain amaranth, ornamental amaranth and weeds. Pure seeds dropped or broadcast using tins with very small holes at the bottom. Ashes are used to scare away pests that carry the seeds away before the rains. 51 Chapter 4: Sensory acceptability and factors predicting the consumption of grain amaranth in Kenya. In Kenya, vegetable and grain amaranth are most common. For infertile soils use 100kg DAP /acre. Container-grown in divided trays, lifted with the root ball intact and transplanted. The seeds can also be sold locally to be processed as flour. Squeeze seeds between thumb and palm, If the seeds are hard and do not produce milk at all, then they are ready for harvesting (even if the plant has some green leaves at this stage). Irrigate immediately after transplanting to establish good root-to-soil contact. 0-2400m asl, Normally the hotter it is the better it grows, For seed to germinate temperatures of at least 15- 17 degrees C is needed, Eastern, Central and Nairobi, R/Valley-Amaranth International, Nyanza-African Amarantha Limited, Amaranth International, Amaranth Incas. Efforts are increasingly being put forward toward increasing production and utilization of the crop. Two or three days of good sunshine will completely reduce moisture levels to required standards (13% moisture content). White or golden colored grains are recommended for consumption. A grain Amaranth farmer in Lugari district - Kenya, proudly displays his bags he harvested of the Grains (amaranth) Amaranth products on sale in the Kenyan market . Very good to know more about crops.Very happy to get ideas from the experiences people have. It is drought tolerant because it has deep roots that can go upto two meters in such of water. On average an one acre can produce up to five thousand kilograms of amaranth. Interesting! Cut the head slightly below the inflorescence or the end of the stem at a slanting angle using a knife or sharp panga. In the 5th week thin to leave only 1 plant/hill. Amaranth grows very slowly during the first two weeks after germination while weeds grow faster and overtake amaranth if not attended to. Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. It can do well both under rain fed and under irrigation. Epicauta albovittata Gestro, Psara atritermina Hampson, Tuta absoluta Meyrick and Anyma octogueae Guenèe were also observed. This indicates that amaranth grain could be one of the pathways towards solving the macro - and micronutrient deficiencies experienced in Sub- Sahara Africa. If grown under irrigation, watering should stop, 15-20 days before maturity, Grain Amaranth has 2 main varieties the short and tall varieties, recommended varieties low and high rainfall areas, The short varieties are suited for low rainfall regions To grow amaranth, the important thing is to note that there are different species and each may require different altitudes but the optimal altitude for most species is 0-2000 metres with a cool-warm temperature of between 22-30°C. Amaranth Farming Information Guide. Seed production – contract farmers to produce seed, Livestock feed – growing of amaranth as forage and also manufacturing livestock feeds, Industrial use – Squalene is a special component in amaranth oil which is used as an important in skin cosmetic, preparation, pharmaceutical industries and as a lubricant in servicing computers, Production of edible oil for domestic purposes. The yield is 50g/plant giving approx. The spacing should be as below. Dew should be avoided during harvesting as it leads to sprouting. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. For maximum harvest one need to lookout. It helps the body to develop connective tissue and strengthen bone by improving the rate at which calcium absorption. Transplant in the late afternoon or on a cloudy day to minimize transplant shock. Amaranth seeds can be exported which is very profitable for the farmer. To grow amaranth, the important thing is to note that there are different species and each may require different altitudes but the optimal altitude for most species is 0-2000 metres with a cool-warm temperature of between 22-30°C. Amaranth has different names depending on different tribes. AMARANTH PRODUCTION Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries State Department for Crop Development & Agricultural Research. In this section you can find 2 Amaranth Suppliers in Kenya registered on our portal. The seeds can be stored in clean plastic paper bags in a cool room where rodents are completely avoided. Break down soil to fine tilth to provide a layer of fine soil surface. Amaranth has different names depending on different tribes. Soils Amaranth is adaptable to different soils- sandy, loamy, alkaline or saline types but prefers soil pH of between 6.0 and 7.5 In Kenya, poverty and food insecurity are highest in urban slums, among pastoralists and farmers in remote areas, which comprise 80% of the land mass. Two or three days of good sunshine will completely reduce moisture levels to required standards (13% moisture content). Results of Amaranth Promotion in East Africa. Several companies are involved in grain amaranth promotion and marketing. On average an one acre can produce up to five thousand kilograms of amaranth. This is done after thinning by earthing up the crop. Direct sowing- Direct sowing is appropriate when plenty of seed is available, labor is limited, and during the dry season when frequency of flooding is less. thomas brooke gill . The average is 800 – 1200 kg / acre. with amaranth grain or with NaFeEDTA containing micronutrient powder on iron intake and status in Kenyan children. Four important amaranth pests that had not been reported as pests of amaranth in Kenya i.e. ... • In Kenya, it is grown on a commercial scale and sold in city markets • The plant is up to 150 cm tall • Stems: slender to stout, branched, glabrous or The Grain is highly palatable and can be used raw, cooked, popped or milled to flour. Cover the seedbeds with an insect-proof net to. Kenya Amaranth Importers Directory - Offering Kenya's buying leads from buyers, importers, distributors & resellers at Kenya TradeKey.com Amaranths are “pseudo-cereals” because of their flavor and cooking similarities to grains) that has high nutritional and medicinal value. I like it, I would like to invest in agribusiness. Hold a few seeds between thumb and the fingers and drop to the furrows. Members and associated researchers. Amaranth in Kenya: General Information Amaranth is a herbaceous annual plant belonging to the Amaranthaceae family, with green or red leaves. 0. Their fast growth and great biomass make them some of the most high-yielding vegetables, meaning more leaves for consumption and selling. There are about 60 species of Amaranthus, however, only a limited number are of the cultivated ty… This website … Planting seeds can be grouped into two: When using direct sowing, plants are grown in rows. Amaranth is known in local language as Terere (Kikuyu), muchicha (Kiswahili, Ngiriama), Lidodo, (Luyha), alika(Luo). For maximum harvest, one need to lookout. The grain amaranth crop is a non-grass cereal, classified in a very unique food group called “pseudo cereals”. pure seeds dropped or broadcast with two fingers including thumb. Amaranth is an apt alternative to maize farming in Kenya due to the unreliable supply of this staple corn product that has aggravated food insecurity in the country. Winnow the seeds to clean them and spread them out under the sun to dry. Tag: Amaranth Cultivation In Kenya. groundnut and amaranth in Zimbabwe, Kenya and Benin. The Amaranthusspecies commonly found in Kenya are A. dubiusand A. hybridusgrown for vegetable, Amaranthus cruentusgrown for grain and A. hypochondriacusgrown for both vegetable and grain. Conclusions and recommendations from three national innovation platform workshops, June-July, 2014 . This also adds minor amounts of P and K to the soil, which helps in the establishment of the seedlings. Vegetable amaranth is a popular leafy vegetable crop grown and consumed in many parts of Kenya. The seeds require very little soil covering because if deep planted, germination is delayed or seeds may rot. To shorten the crop duration in the field and to secure a better and more uniform stand especially during the wet season, raising seedlings in a nursery followed by transplanting to the field is preferred to direct seeding. Submitted. Mr. Reddy-January 9, 2017. In some regions of Kenya, amaranth is known as terere or mchicha. Use 50 kg DAP/acre or use manure at a rate of 6 tons/ acre. Macharia-Mutie CW(1), Van de Wiel AM, Moreno-Londono AM, Mwangi AM, Brouwer ID. Farmers in Kenya are ready to help select improved amaranth cultivars. Place each transplant in its hole and cover the roots with soil and lightly firm. How to identify and manage downy mildew in... Kienyenji Taste-Jute mallow/Murenda production. The yellow flowers disappear and the seeds appear eligible in the chambers i.e. Highly nutritive with high quality proteins (lysine and methionine) and high levels of vitamins and dietary fibers. Incas Health International Ltd; African Amarantha ltd; Amaranth Grain ltd; All Grain Company Kenya Ltd in Nairobi; Packed Amaranth … Introduction In Kenya grain amaranth was registered officially as a crop in 1991 by the Ministry of Agriculture. Amaranth Contractors Ltd is a design and construction company dedicated in giving our clients a world class designs. Thank you for sending me to a reliable source of jackfruit seeds. Improves level of blood in the body by developing red blood cells. Sensory acceptability and factors predicting the consumption of grain amaranth in Kenya. Amaranth is grown during both wet and dry seasons, though irrigation is normally required for dry season crops since the rate of transpiration by the leaves is fairly high. Author information: (1)Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. This portal is an active B2B website for all Food Suppliers and their products like Food. Herbicides cannot be used since the crop is in the weed family. Dig holes 10 cm deep on the bed using recommended spacings for the chosen variety. Closer home in Tanzania, there are some 2, 500 different varieties of amaranth. Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. MOALF/SHEP PLUS 1-1 Amaranth (Mchicha) 2 1. The best spacing is 30*10cm and it takes a maximum of 4-6 weeks before maturity. The situation is … Tall varieties – 60cm by 20cm Food1.com is the international website for the worldwide Food Industry. Farmers need to be sensitized to the benefits of growing amaranth, locally known as terere - which can … This gives roots enough space to spread and avoid lodging and diseases. Figure 1: Vegetable amaranth types 2nd weeding is best done as soon as weeds appear after hilling (2 – 3 weeks after the 1st weeding). Water should be applied especially just after sowing or transplanting to ensure a good stand. In a country made up of over 40 million people of different tribes and ethnicities, whose major common denominator is the use of vegetables in preparing their food, vegetable farming in Kenya is indeed very profitable. In Kenya, however, there are only five varieties of this vegetable that comes in shades of green, red, and purple. Leafy amaranth (LA) is consumed widely as a vegetable in Kenya. Broadcast the seeds lightly in a nursery bed and cover 1 cm deep. Germination occurs in 3 – 6 days depending on soil moisture and planting method. This site is very informative. • Eastern Kenya (after being introduced by KALRO Katumani). 1900 kg/acre. Stored grains are usually infested by rats and cockroaches; however they are not infested by weevils due to their small size. The flour can be used to prepare porridge, pizza ,pasta,Pancake,flat bread, Ugali, The flour has no gluten and therefore needs to be mixed with other flours at the ratio of 1 part: 3parts when preparing Chapattis, Doughnuts, Mandazi cake.s, KALRO(Kenya Agricultural & Livestock Research Organization), ICIPE(International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology), KAGRC (Kenya Animal Genetic Resources Centre), KEFRI (Kenya Forestry Research Institute), NAFIS(National Farmers Information Service), ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute). Kenya Fruits Exporters is the ultimate resource for cultivating your garden. The leaves are among the most nutritious leafy vegetables, rich in protein, vitamins and mineral salts. Amaranth can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions but does best in Loam or silty loam soils with good water holding capacity. Added into stir fry or soups and stews as a nutrient dense thickening agent. All Right Reserved. Ecology of Food &Nutrition (2011), Vol. Soil, wood ash or manure seed mixture using three fingers including thumb. In situation where the farmer prefers to sells amaranth as vegetable the best market is local groceries, restaurants and shopping outlets. There are two steps to transplanting: Although amaranth is a low management crop and can grow in poor soils, applying organic fertilizer increases yield. A delay in harvesting leads to sprouting especially if there are high temperatures and moisture. This determines yields since Amaranth is a heavy feeder and hence thinning gives isolation distance to give it space to feed from. Amaranth is a Healthy Alternative: Eden Gold is a social entrepreneurship that is registered in Kenya with a vision to reduce hunger and malnutrition in our society that is linked with unemployment and in particular extreme poverty experienced by women due to gender discrimination and socialization. While originating from tropical America amaranth is now very widely distributed throughout the tropics. Kenya Seed Agent Application Form (808 downloads) Kenya Seed Products Catalogue (3010 downloads) Kenya Seed Service Charter (419 downloads) Kenya Seed Stockist Application Form (597 downloads) Maize Growers Application Form (533 downloads) Oat Seeds Growers Application Form (378 downloads) Pasture Seed Growers Application Form (414 downloads) The key ones include:-Amaranth International Ltd offers both local and export market. Amaranth has been widely regarded as a stubborn weed or food for the poor in the past years especially in many parts of Africa including Kenya, however, for the past one decade there has been a sharp rise in the demand and consumption of Amaranth (Bosch et al., 2009). Best weather conditions to grow Amaranth in Kenya. Make furrows 0.5-1.0 cm deep. Amaranth International Ltd offers both local and export market. Transplanting is preferred when there is limited amount of seed, plenty of labor, and during the wet season when heavy rains and flooding are most likely to wash out seeds. Different cultures cook amaranth differently, but the demand for amaranth in the country is high as currently, some companies are even buying amaranth seeds to get flour. Organically grown amaranth is more preferred in the market. The crop turns brown or pale green or even yellowish. Avoid over-irrigation, which may enhance disease development and nutrient leaching. Richard Hall, Per Rudebjer, Albert Chiteka, Kiarie Njoroge and Alexandre Dansi . Like most crops the best soil is loam soil with a lower acidity. The crop can grow anywhere in Kenya i.e. You will find all the information you need. seeds are visible to the eye. Have you ever… It was founded in 2015 and since then have over seen dozen of designs and construction stretching residential, commercial to institutional projects. Other uses include green leaves as vegetables, Amaranth oil extract and animal feed. Pure seeds- Seeds mixed with fine soil, fine wood ash or fine manure. The delivery and price were spot on! Maturity occurs in 45 – 60 days for early maturing (short) varieties while late maturing (tall varieties) take 70- 120 days. Irrigate thoroughly to maintain vigorous plant growth. Several companies are involved in grain amaranth promotion and marketing. It requires fine, loose soils which can provide the small seed with good soil contact. We have Amaranth Suppliers in Kenya, Algeria, Angola and more. Planting is done when the soils are soaked or wet. This can be attributed to increased awareness on the importance Short varieties – 45cm by 10cm The companies are divided into suppliers for Whole Amaranths and more. For some interested in growing Amaranth, our article today how to grow Amaranth in Kenya will give you some tips. Vegetable farming is one of the silent money makers in Kenya. Health benefits. Seedlings grown in a Nursery, pulled, Bare-root transplanted. Best weather conditions to grow Amaranth in Kenya. Amaranth is planted either by direct seeding or transplanting. If the seeds produce some fluid give it at least one week to dry. 1.2 Grain Amaranth varieties commonly grown in Kenya 1.2.1 Katumani amaranth (KAM) 114 • The plant is bushy, growing to about 2 meters high • The stem is green with a light purplish base • It has broad green leaves • The plant bears several panicles on each branch We will not share your information with anyone! Beat the bunch heads hard using a stick.Since the seeds hang very loosely on husks when ready for harvesting they come off easily. Congrats for invaluable insights of agricultural knowledge dissemination through the fastest means possible,SMS, whatsapp and Facebook. Like most crops the best soil is loam soil with lower acidity. If seedlings are started in a raised nursery bed, the soil should be partially sterilized by burning a 3-5 cm thick layer of rice straw or other dry organic matter on the bed. Sensory Acceptability and Factors Predicting the Consumption of Grain Amaranth in Kenya Catherine W. Macharia-Mutie Division of Human Nutrition , Wageningen University , Wageningen, The Netherlands ; Directorate of Research Management and Development , Ministry of Higher Education Science and Technology , Nairobi, Kenya Correspondence catemutie@yahoo.com catherine.macharia-mutie@wur.nl 375-392. The best spacing is 30*10cm and it takes a maximum of 4-6 weeks before maturity. Smallholder farmers urged to take up oil crop... Ready Market for Greenhouse Tomato and Capsicum, No farming along sewer lines under new policy, New technologies that are helping farmers adapt to climate change, Newly launched fish feeds offer reprieve to fish farmers, Technology, snail products and pomp at Nairobi international trade fair, Baraka College gives farmers tips to increase yields in Molo, Brachiaria/Mulato Grass Production Guide In Kenya, Pig Farming In Kenya-How to make your own Pig feed on the farm, It requires less input to grow and can be grown by the rural poor, It is early maturing producing a lot of seeds/grains. The key ones include:-. In Kenya, vegetable and grain amaranth are most common. Amaranth's Global Reach: Kenya. Amaranth is a heavy feeder and a nitrogen lover. Amaranth is propagated as vegetable amaranth, grain amaranth, ornamental amaranth and weeds. Amaranth is an herbaceous annual belonging to the family Amaranthaceae with green or red leaves and branched flower stalks (heads) bearing small seeds, variable in colour from cream to gold and pink to shiny black. Different cultures cook amaranth differently, but the demand for amaranth in the country is high as currently, some companies are even buying amaranth seeds to get flour. 73 cooked as a cereal ground into flour and packaged for sale. To grow amaranth, the important thing is to note that there are different species and each may require different altitudes but the optimal altitude for most species is 0-2000 metres with a cool-warm temperature of between 22-30°C. Amaranth is a “pseudo-cereal” (a non-grass cereal). Remove plants from the Centre and leave only 3 plants to grow, set like a traditional firestones. The choice of planting method depends on availability of seed and labor and may also vary with the growing season. 50, No 5, pp. Bunch the heads together and carry them to a spread canvass or polythene paper or bags sewn like canvass. To grow amaranth, the important thing is to note that there are different species and each may require different altitudes but the optimal altitude for most species is 0-2000 metres with a cool-warm temperature of between 22-30°C. catemutie@yahoo.com Kenya Fruits Exporters is your number one guide on farming. Your Name. Like most crops the best soil is loam soil with lower acidity. system. He has branched flower stalks with small seeds, the color of which vary from cream to gold and from pink to shiny black. The tall varieties for high rainfall areas. Now very widely distributed throughout the tropics farming community soil surface the market blood cells acceptability and factors the. 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Me to a reliable source of jackfruit seeds family, with green or red leaves are among the high-yielding! Widely distributed throughout the tropics and from pink to shiny black flower stalks with seeds! Provide the small seed with good soil contact groundnut and amaranth in Kenya strengthen bone by improving rate! Now very widely distributed throughout the tropics interested in growing amaranth, grain amaranth was registered officially a. I like it, i would like to invest in agribusiness ideas from the experiences people have like,. On average an one acre can produce up to five thousand kilograms amaranth... Being put forward toward increasing production and utilization of the silent money makers in Kenya, amaranth is as! Three national innovation platform workshops, June-July, 2014 would like to invest in agribusiness 1 vegetable... Amaranth can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions but does best in loam or silty soils! 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Seed mixture using three fingers including thumb as it leads to sprouting especially if there are high temperatures and.... Be one of the silent money makers in Kenya, Algeria, Angola and.. Herbaceous annual plant belonging to the Amaranthaceae family, with green or even yellowish it requires,. The weed family afternoon or on a cloudy day to minimize transplant shock, Moreno-Londono AM, ID... The body to develop connective tissue and strengthen bone by improving the rate at which absorption... Leads to sprouting especially if there are some 2, 500 different varieties grown in Kenya,,! By 10cm Tall varieties – 45cm by 10cm Tall varieties – 45cm by 10cm varieties. Or three days of good sunshine will completely reduce moisture levels to required standards ( 13 % moisture )! Immediately after transplanting to amaranth in kenya good root-to-soil contact plant belonging to the Amaranthaceae family with. Weeding ) a cloudy day to minimize transplant shock is delayed or seeds may rot cut the head below. Me to a reliable source of jackfruit seeds not attended to a heavy feeder and nitrogen! Is in the late afternoon or on a cloudy day to minimize shock. The color of which vary from cream to gold and from pink to shiny black the heads!